Wall panelling: timeless tips and ideas to add character to your home

Decorative wall panelling is perfect to add interest to your home. Here's everything you need to know on adding this timeless feature to your space

Wall panels: danish dining room with mirror gallery wall
(Image credit: Iben and Niels Ahlberg/inagency.dk)

Wall panelling is a desirable decorative feature not just in period homes, but in contemporary spaces, too. There's no better way to add character to a room and wall panelling comes with many other benefits too. Be it wood wall panels or MDF, it can add to the natural shape of a room, is a nifty way to insulate walls and to even protect them from damage that comes with time spent indoors.

Whether you're curious to see how this historical look can work in your home, or if you're gathering wall panelling ideas for the bedroom, bathroom or living room, we have you covered on everything from how to choose the right type of panelling, to different style considerations and even how much wall panelling costs.

Keep scrolling for the latest wall panel design advice and for simple ideas on how to incorporate this stunning decorative feature into your home. And, you can find more design ideas on our dedicated page.

traditional bedroom with pink panelling, lamp shade, four poster wooden bed and black picture frames with flowers

(Image credit: Jeremey Philips)

How to choose wall panelling: for living rooms, bedrooms and other spaces

(Image credit: James Balston )

Being sensitive to the period of your home is key when you're looking to make changes to the interior such as adding panelling. If you live in a listed property, you should speak to the local conservation officer to see if panelling will be an acceptable addition.

Intricate dark wood panelling is not to everyone’s taste, and when used full height (see below) it can feel imposing. But there are more subtle options that go to dado height and can be painted in a soft shade to add warmth and interest (above).

Cottage style living room with wall panels

(Image credit: Ian Mankin)

As well as ensuring the design is right for your home’s period, there are other aesthetic considerations. Where it is not used full height, panelling tends to look best fitted either a third or two thirds of the room’s height (below), although this may be influenced by features such as fireplaces or windowsills.

You should also consider the size of the individual panel frames. Larger areas look good with bigger frame sizes, while small, awkward spaces tend to suit reeded panelling.

Is real wooden panelling or MDF panelling best?

Solid oak panelling is expensive, and tends to be newly fitted only where it is the true authentic option or when matching existing elements, which makes it wise to work with a specialist.

Distinctive-Country-Furniture-oak-linenfold wood wall panels

Traditional oak linenfold panelling, Distinctive Country Furniture shows how wood panelling for walls creates a timeless look

Most wall panelling on the market today is made from MDF, with the intention that it is painted. Once fitted and painted, it would be difficult to distinguish it from real wood wall panels.

Provided the walls are fairly level, MDF panelling is easy to fit on a DIY basis. If the walls are uneven, they can usually be battened first. Ensure the company you are buying from offers good instructions before you invest.

Bedroom with wall panels

(Image credit: Christy)

What much does wall panelling cost? 

  • Expect to pay around £300 to £400 per square metre for solid oak panelling, plus installation.
  • Expect to pay around £25 to £50 per square metre for MDF panelling, which are best painted in water-based eggshell.

Graham & Brown wallpaper of the year Tori

Graham & Brown Tori teal wallpaper on wooden panels is the perfect example of decorative panelling 

(Image credit: Graham & Brown )

Buying reclaimed wood panelling

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It is possible to purchase original wood panelling that has been salvaged from period properties. While it adds authentic aged character, quantity can be an issue. Be certain of your room’s dimensions, and what proportions suit the style and period of your home.

A complete reclaimed room, including matching doors and sometimes a fireplace with overmantel, all restored and ready to install, will be a major investment. If this is the approach you want to take with panelling you could opt for more modest Victorian pine panels that require a mix and match approach.

Where there is low stock of wood wall panelling available, what you do find can sometimes still be used to replace missing panels in a larger run, but are often repurposed as something else, such as cupboard doors. If you come across a large quantity, you may find that the dealer will only sell the set, as complete suites are rarer and more valuable.

Wall panelling ideas: give yours contemporary appeal

Whether yours is a period home with a contemporary appeal or a modern home that you're adding panelling to for architectural interest, you can simply update wood panelling for walls, with a bold paint colour.

Modern wall panelling is all about bright colours. Points of caution with this? If your interior panelling is original and in good condition, it's better to preserve it than paint over it; equally, intricate panel designs won't suit a bold paint colour, so if yours has already been painted, stick to a neutral paint shade.

Green panelled walls in a master bedroom with a metal bed, yellow and pink throws, and patterned cushions

Painted wood wall panels give this bedroom a modern lift

(Image credit: Katie Lee)

art deco style wood panelling

(Image credit: Graham & Brown)

We love this art deco wall panelling idea and it is sure to lift both a period home or a contemporary room. The feature wallpaper adds a touch of luxury and is complemented by the fresh ivory colour of the wall panels, which makes this a real decorative feature.

Where to buy new wall panelling

  • Deacon & Sandys, Cranbrook, Kent. Handcrafts solid oak panelling with a particular expertise in 16th- and 17th-century designs.
  • Stuart Interiors, Bath, Somerset. Designs, produces and carves all styles of solid oak panelling in its workshop then installs it on site.
  • Distinctive Country Furniture, Martock, Somerset. Specialises in 16th, 17th and 18th century-style oak panelling, which it handmakes and fits on site.
  • Finepanel.co.uk. Produces a range of MDF designs for home delivery, which are easy to install and paint.
  • The English Panelling Company. Nationwide delivery of different styles of panelling for home installation and painting.
  • Oakleaf, Keighley, West Yorkshire. Highly realistic aged oak-effect moulded panelling made using masters selected from 17th-century designs, and hand-stained.
  • Wall Panelling Experts. Offers a wide range of options for home delivery including oak veneer, pine and water-resistant MDF.

A short history of wall panelling

Pimpernel wallpaper in Aubergine/Olive, £72 per roll, Morris & Co highlights one of many gorgeous wall panelling designs available

(Image credit: Morris & Co)

Wall panelling originally served a practical rather than decorative purpose: in the days before insulation was used in buildings, applying an extra layer of timber would help to warm up rooms with cold stone walls, and would also cover up damp patches.

Early examples from the 13th Century tended to be plain vertical boards, but over time wood panelling evolved to become an art form and was often carved with beautiful designs. Today, you can choose between traditional polished wood and colourful painted MDF for the perfect period home interior.

Framed panelling became popular from the 14th Century, and was usually oak, which might be left plain or be carved with decorative detail. Elaborate linenfold designs, which resembled folded linen, emerged as a trend in the late 15th Century, while in Tudor and Jacobean times the fashion was for small squares or rectangles, with the wood either left unfinished or treated with wax or varnish. The panelling was often topped off with decorative carved capping.

In the Georgian era, panelling took on a more classic appearance, with larger, simple panels of painted softwood. Over the period, panelling for walls saw a change and full-height styles began to be replaced by dado-level panelling.

The Victorians continued this trend for shorter sections, although panelling did become less popular until the Arts and Crafts movement, where simple oak designs fitted up to head height were preferred.

More period design detailing: