How to design a kitchen for an old home

Discover how to create the perfect hub of your home, from how much it costs and getting the layout right, to updating existing cabinets

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While once upon a time the kitchen was a place of only hard work, today’s engine room is the centre of family life. It’s where everyone has breakfast and catches up at the end of the day, where entertaining takes place, and where homework is carried out.

Updating the kitchen is one of the greatest joys of home ownership, but it’s also one of the biggest expenditures. So you must carefully plan it out so that the space works for your individual home and requirements.

  • The cost of a new kitchen varies dependent on the quality of the units, appliances and finishes, and how much work is entailed in the installation.
  • As a rough guide, you should look to spend between 3-5 per cent of the overall value of the house.
  • If you are on a tight budget, there are a number of ways to save money on the cost of a new kitchen.
  • It’s important to decide the maximum amount you are prepared to pay for your kitchen and make sure the supplier understands.
  • Ensure you budget for appliances, installation, electrics and plumbing, as well as finishes such as tiles and worktops.

Budget breakdown

  • Off-the-shelf MDF 60cm base cabinet: from £50
  • Solid softwood 60cm base cabinet: from £150
  • Bespoke solid hardwood in-frame base cabinet: from £500
  • Solid wood worktops: from £100 per 3m run
  • Granite worktops: from £60 per m2
  • Composite worktops: from £100 per 1m run
  • Laminate worktops: from £50 per 3m run
  • Tiles: from £20 per m2
  • Installation: average £1,000

Fired Earth's freestanding Bastide kitchen made from oak

Fired Earth’s freestanding Bastide kitchen costs from around £12,000 exclusing appliances. The collection is made from oak and is available in ten standard painted finishes and in three oak finishes. Shown here in Bone White and Antimony with Marrakech tiles

(Image: © Fired Earth)

Where to start when designing a kitchen

Begin by taking a good look at your existing kitchen. ‘Consider carefully how you use the space and how everything is organised,’ says Tony McCarthy from Crown Imperial. ‘Are items accessible or do you spend most of your time struggling to reach them?’

As well as what you’d like to improve on, note your kitchen’s positive points. Then, pull together all your ideas and collected images to create a wishlist.

Include in your list big things, such as an open plan space or a central island, as well as smaller elements, such as smart cabinet interior fittings, more power points or a Belfast sink.

You should also include a sense of the overall feeling you want to create, like ‘stylish but family-friendly‘, or ‘classic country with a modern twist’ as well as colours or styles.

Once you have figured out how your kitchen should function and the features you’d like, you can begin to work out how big of a change you need to make to achieve it.

If you don’t have the space for everything you want, or certain individual items are impractical or pricey, then it doesn’t mean you can’t have any of your must-haves – take your wishlist to a kitchen designer, who will help you work out where you can compromise.

Kitchen wishlist ideas for…

  • Families: breakfast bar, seating area, American-style fridge-freezer, utility room, homework/play area, toy storage, curved cabinets, rounded handles
  • Entertaining: open-plan kitchen-diner, freestanding island, statement range cooker, dimmable lighting, quiet extractor fan, concealed appliances, garden access
  • Keen cooks: pantry cupboard, pan drawers, integrated storage for knifes and chopping boards, area with marble worktop for making pastry, multifunctional range-style cooker

Churchwood bespoke natural pippy oak kitchen

For a true period country feel, opt for unpainted wood. This bespoke natural pippy oak in-frame kitchen costs from £20,000 at Churchwood

Working with a kitchen designer

If you know exactly what you want, you may be tempted to design the kitchen yourself, but you will likely end up happier with the finished space if you consult with an experienced professional.

A good designer will think of solutions you may not have considered, spot potential issues and help you to get the most out of your budget.

At the very least, take your wishlist and a plan of the room, showing dimensions, to a couple of kitchen showrooms and pick the brains of the designers there.

Many retailers offer a free design service, but for a large-scale project, you should consider independent kitchen or interior designers, as they will be able to recommend different suppliers to get the exact finish you want and can project manage the work if required. Expect to pay in the region of £500–£1,000.

Crown Imperial Ashton kitchen with bold red painted island unit

A bold, coloured island makes a statement in this otherwise neutral country kitchen, which consists of solid ash Ashton units from Crown Imperial. Prices start from about £10,000

Planning the layout

Once upon a time, the ‘work triangle’ – where the sink, hob and fridge are evenly sited at key points around the cook in the centre – was the main factor when designing a kitchen layout.

While this theory is still useful, it was developed when cooking was a solitary task and kitchens were smaller, and doesn’t take into account how home life has evolved.

Now kitchens are more likely to be part of an open-plan space with a dining area, seating or play space, so the way the layout is planned has to be adapted.

‘The most up-to-date kitchens feature separate zones,’ says Vincent Glue from Smallbone of Devizes. ‘The trend is for a more informal kitchen featuring freestanding furniture and space to gather, so layouts are designed to fuse cooking with entertaining.’

An island unit is one of the best solutions, as it acts as a divide while allowing the cook to be sociable, but also consider how seating and larger furniture is arranged, and include clear walkways.

a kitchen larder in a scheme by John Lewis of Hungerford

A larder cupboard makes great use of this alcove space. From John Lewis of Hungerford’s Artisan collection, which features doors with raised fielded centre panels, from £25,000

(Image: © John Lewis of Hungerford)

Kitchen storage solutions

  • The starting point for good, space-efficient design is always the size and quantity of units.
  • Cramming units in wall to wall can make the space feel cramped. Instead, break up runs of wall units with open shelving, plate racks or at the very least use glass-fronted cabinets for display pieces.
  • ‘Choosing a larder over a conventional unit can be a great way to make the most of a smaller space,’ says Smallbone’s Vincent. ‘A bespoke, built-in design can store the equivalent of eight wall cabinets.’
  • Often the larder unit, or other tall cupboard, and an American fridge-freezer are fitted side by side to form a wall of storage, thus freeing up valuable space in the working part of the kitchen. This also avoids too many long runs of cupboards.
  • ‘Internal cupboard storage is key to maximising space without detracting from the period feel on the outside,’ says Tori Summers from Benchmarx Kitchens and Joinery. ‘Integrated carousels, swing-out corner shelves and pull-out larders are all excellent.
  • You can also make the most of every inch with internal drawers, pull-out wire shelves and storage baskets.

Smallbone of Devizes bespoke Original kitchen with a mix of handpainted and natural wood finishes

Mixing natural wood finishes with painted units adds warmth to an all white scheme. This bespoke Original handpainted kitchen costs from £45,000 at Smallbone of Devizes

Choosing a design style

There is an art to creating a kitchen that marries modern functionality with period looks. Many period homeowners don’t even try, and instead prefer an honest approach – mixing contemporary minimalist cabinetry with a rustic shell.

‘As well as the overall shape of your kitchen, the elements that stand period homes apart can become integral features of the kitchen design,’ says Benchmarx’s Tori. ‘High ceilings, chimney breasts, alcoves, beams and cornicing can be incorporated for dramatic effect, so it’s worth bringing in a kitchen designer early on.’

When it comes to cabinet style, a simple Shaker-style design is versatile enough to suit homes from all eras. More intricate raised and fielded panelled doors create a sense of grandeur befitting Georgian or larger Victorian homes, while minimalist glossy, handleless units give a contemporary contrast.

‘If you have wooden beams on show, teaming these with solid wood worktops effortlessly pulls the kitchen and room themes together,’ continues Tori. To further highlight beams, use pale cupboard shades, which will lift the whole scheme.

‘To make the most of beautiful coving and ceiling features, don’t feel you have to add cornicing for a period feel,’ adds Tori. ‘Using crisp lines and curved cupboards can give the room balance and texture.’

Martin Moore bespoke painted English kitchen in Georgian family home

Located in a Georgian family home, this English kitchen by Martin Moore combines complementary colours to add warmth and interest. Prices start from £35,000. The work surfaces are by Caesarstone

Tips for a successful kitchen renovation

Whether you are extending your kitchen or just replacing some of the units, works will almost certainly be extremely disruptive. But you can mitigate the inconvenience with careful planning and management.

  • Ideally, plan to start your kitchen extension in early spring. The major part of the disruption should then take place in late spring/early summer when you’ll have more hours of daylight, and outdoor barbecues and cold suppers will be far more appealing.
  • If embarking on a major project, arrange with your builders to fit a temporary kitchen, comprising worktop, kitchen sink, microwave, fridge and electric hob.
  • Pack away the majority of your kitchen paraphernalia to minimise clutter during the works. Keep back only essential cooking pots and the minimum of crockery and cutlery.
  • Insist that your builder keeps the site as clean and tidy as possible. Make this clear from the outset. As well as reducing dust and dirt, a mess-free site is generally a safer site.
  • While you may be tempted to go away for a couple of weeks while the worst part of the job is going on, don’t. Not only will your absence pose a security threat, you will need to be on hand to make crucial decisions even if you think everything is finalised.

Marianne Suhr

Main Company bespoke redwood and oak industrial style kitchen

This bespoke kitchen features redwood and solid oak painted wooden cabinetry with curved and linear doors, granite worktops and wagon board reclaimed timber accents. Fom £15,000 at The Main Company

Options for enlarging the space

If your current kitchen isn’t big enough to include all the elements you would like in the new design, then consider extending to gain more space.

One of the most popular extension projects is to add a kitchen/dining/living area which opens out to the garden through wall-to-wall doors. Assuming they meet certain criteria (check Planning Portal) such projects often do not require planning permission.

Alternatively, you may be able to create a large open plan space by removing a non load-bearing wall between the kitchen and dining room.

If these options aren’t viable, then there are plenty of design solutions for maximising a small kitchen space.

Updating an existing kitchen

If you don’t have the budget to change everything, there are a number of quick and easy kitchen updates that can transform your space.

If the cabinet carcasses are in good condition, you could change the door fronts and fascias and update tiling, worktops, and perhaps the sink and tap.

Alternatively, you could paint the existing door fronts and fit new handles.

Bespoke or off the shelf?

A kitchen comprised of handmade solid hardwood in-frame cabinets – which are made using traditional jointing techniques and have doors that sit within a frame – is the ultimate type for most period homes.

Not only do they look the part but they can be tailor made for awkward spaces and wonky walls, and their design can take their cue from original features already in the property.

The cabinets may be treated to reveal their natural wood finish or are painted in any colour, and be fitted or, in keeping with more traditional style, freestanding.

Though highly desirable, handmade kitchens demand a premium, with prices tending to start at around £15,000 for furniture only.

Some companies offer more affordable alternatives made of softwood, such as pine, which are still made in the same way but may not be as hardwearing. Prices start from around £4,000 for furniture only.

You cannot fully recreate the look of an in-frame kitchen with off-the-shelf flatpack cabinets – which have doors mounted on to the front using hinges screwed into the chipboard – but you can still create a classic design, using solid wood or Shaker-style moulded door fronts and décor panels, as well as other decorative elements.

The units generally come in a choice of standard sizes and configurations, with filler panels or areas of open shelving making up gaps when the sizing doesn’t perfectly fit the space.

a traditional style kitchen with contemporary lighting and island

This classic handpainted panelled cabinetry by Mowlem & Co is handleless for a contemporary finish. Painted in a chic soft grey tone, it’s accented by wood, stone and copper finishes. The six-seat breakfast bar is perfect for informal family gatherings. From £30,000

(Image: © Mowlem & Co)

Getting kitchen lighting right

Lighting in a kitchen can make or break the mood of the room, so it’s worth spending time researching fixtures.

  • Introduce daylight from as many directions as possible, including rooflights. French, sliding or bi-fold doors that open onto the garden will also add to the light levels.
  • Make sure you allow for enough lights during the ‘first fix’ electrics.
  • Buy light fittings as early as possible, and keep boxes and receipts so you can take them back if necessary – it is difficult to judge what will work until you position it.
  • Recessed spotlights can be problematic in old buildings without enough space in the ceiling void. Ask an electrician for advice.
  • If fitting recessed spotlights, ensure they do not puncture insulation or airtightness systems as this can create draughts.
  • Pick a variety of lights from task lights to light washes. Think if you’d like dimmable ones. Wire fixtures on different circuits so they can be switched on separately.
  • Investigate low energy and LED lighting, which are more environmentally friendly and will save you money in the long run.

Marianne Suhr

Benchmarx Warwick Shaker Ivory kitchen

Mixing worktops adds interest to a kitchen, as in this design by Benchmarx, which features Warwick Shaker Ivory units to complement the timber beams. Prices start from around £180 for a 100cm base unit

Adding the finishing touches to your kitchen

Details such as worktops, tiles, sinks and taps, and the appliances, are often the first things people notice.

Your choice of worktop material needs to be durable and practical as well as good-looking. Solid wood and granite are the most popular options for period homes, and can beautifully complement each other when used together – for example, a granite island and wood everywhere else.

Tiles vary hugely in price depending on whether you are going for a stylish but simple option, such as a metro design, or characterful handmade tiles. You don’t have to fill every wall with tiles, and can instead opt for a statement design over the cooker, for example, and use worktop upstands elsewhere.

A Belfast or butler sink is the classic choice for a period home. Reclaimed versions are highly prized, but will need some TLC before they can be fitted to remove stains. If you want to make more of a statement, opt for a rustic copper sink.

There is a wide choice when it comes to taps. Swan-neck designs are practical and lend classic elegance. Bridge taps are more ornate and work in more characterful schemes. Bib or pillar taps are less practical than mixer taps, but lend a simple, retro look. Don’t be afraid to add a modern twist to the kitchen with a striking contemporary design, perhaps a sleek shape in a warm rose gold finish.

Finally, make sure your appliances are in-keeping with the scheme. Range cookers are the real heart of the kitchen, and modern designs are more practical then their predecessors. When it comes to fridge-freezers, the best options are to hide them in cabinets or opt for a statement design, such as an American-style fridge-freezer, or a retro model.