Traditionally separated from the main house, a classic conservatory or orangery remains a popular add-on to a period property. However, a more sophisticated approach, in the form of a flexible, fully integrated open-plan space, is becoming more popular as it can accommodate a variety of key room types, including the kitchen, living room or dining area.
The addition of a glazed extension to a period property is an exciting opportunity to be creative with design. Whether you opt for a conservatory that is in-keeping or minimalist, ensure it works in harmony with both your home’s exterior and the adjoining rooms.
Scroll down to read more:
- How much does a glazed extension cost?
- Is a conservatory right for my home?
- What is an orangery?
- Do I need planning permission for a glazed extension?
- Which material is best?
- How can I get the design right?
- Does orientation matter?
- Will the glazing make a difference?
- Do I need conservatory blinds?
- Ventilation and heating issues
- Which type of doors?
- Does a glazed extension need building regulations approval?
- How to find the right conservatory manufacturer
- A bespoke timber or aluminium conservatory, orangery or sunroom costs in the region of £30,000 to £50,000.
- Expect to pay from £40,000 for an oak frame design.
- A better quality bolt-on conservatory kit costs in the region of £10,000 to £20,000.
- Cheap PVCu DIY kits start from as little as £2,000 to £3,000, but often detract from the appeal and value of a period home.
A conservatory is traditionally an all-glazed structure and was popular for homes from the Victorian era, when ornate structures were fashioned from glass, wrought iron and wood.
Bay fronted styles, high gabled roofs, elaborate finials, cresting and ridges may be in evidence, along with stained glass, gothic motifs and intricate tracery.
It is a conservatory’s wealth of design features, along with a diversity in shape and dimension, that makes this type of structure so easily adapted to suit a variety of period homes, whatever their style and size.
For a greater link with the house, opt for a sunroom, which tends to be a more solid addition with a full roof, lots of glazing and patio doors. Oak frame extensions are particularly sought after and can significantly increase a home’s value.
Introduced into the UK from Italy in the 17th century, orangeries reached their height in popularity during the 18th century. Embodying classical principles of symmetry and scale, they were built for the wealthy to house exotic plants such as citrus fruits, rather than as a sitting room.
Today, the orangery is often used as a template for glazed extensions. Their design tends to be semi-solid with a greater level of brickwork or stone, to match the house, and includes floor- to-ceiling windows and a lantern roof, as well as details such as columns, pediments and fine glazing bars.
Orangeries are not only suitable for Georgian homes but properties where balance, symmetry and scale are in evidence.
In many cases, the addition of a conservatory, orangery or sunroom falls within permitted development rights, meaning you don’t need to apply for planning permission. The same limits apply as with extensions, affecting factors such as size and height – see planningportal.co.uk for the rules.
Local authorities can remove some permitted development rights with Article 4 directions, and if your home is located within a designated area, such as a Conservation Area, extra restrictions apply, so check first. If your home is listed you will need to apply for listed building consent.
If planning permission is needed, it is more likely to be granted on structures at the rear of a house. Many planners are now particularly receptive to contemporary frameless additions that offer a distinct separation between old and new.
As with all additions, success relies on a sympathetic reflection of the main property, in terms of scale, architecture and proportion.
By far the most commonly used material for conservatories, PVCu is more affordable than the alternatives, widely available and maintenance free. However, it is not the best choice to complement a period home as the material results in bulkier, inauthentic sections and details.
Traditional glass houses had metal frames, and today aluminium is a popular choice for its classic looks and slim sightlines. It can also be used to cast more ornate designs, similar to the orangeries and conservatories of the Georgian and Victorian eras.
Modern aluminium frames include thermal breaks to avoid heat loss, and can be powder-coated in any colour to produce a maintenance-free addition.
Timber frame is the alternative desirable option for a period home. Oak sunrooms look stunning and if unpainted the wood will weather beautifully. Other popular timbers include Douglas fir, sapele and Accoya, which is modified to be incredibly durable and resistant to fungal attacks.
Ensure that wood is factory painted or treated, which will make it rot resistant and mean it should last around 10 years before requiring any maintenance.
For the best of both worlds, some manufacturers offer composite conservatory and orangery frames, which have an aluminium exterior, great for low maintenance, and a timber interior, for warmth.
- Glazed extensions to older homes must be sympathetic to the house’s period and architecture, meaning a bespoke design is always going to be the preferred option.
- A bolt-on model is unlikely to add to the house’s appeal or value, and on listed homes will be unacceptable.
- Edwardian, Victorian and Georgian homes all have different proportions so there is not a one size fits all rule; use the existing house as a template for the design.
- The design must be in proportion with the existing property and pay close attention to details, such as the roof pitch, bargeboards, finials, windows and colours.
- Where possible source similar materials such as timber, brickwork, flint facings and rendering.
- On smaller terraced houses and cottages, a lean-to design often works best.
- Authentic-looking period design can be difficult to recreate, so local authorities increasingly support unobtrusive, minimalist glazed additions to old homes.
- If your conservatory is open to the main house, you will need to blend it in with the rest of the interior using similar colour schemes and furniture styles.
In order to capture as much sunlight as possible, a glazed room should be south, south-east or south-west facing. If you plan to use the space most first thing in the morning for breakfast, or as an evening room, however, then it will work best if it faces east or west accordingly.
While south-facing conservatories will capture the most natural light, to prevent overheating they also require adequate shielding from the sun, with temperature control measures to stay cool.
The main component of any successful conservatory or orangery is the glazing, which must perform an almost impossible task, blocking excess solar gain, while retaining heat on colder days. There are many options when it comes to glass, and choosing well – particularly for the roof – will ensure the temperature of your space is comfortable year round.
Low-e glass with an argon-filled cavity is a good option – it has a thin low-emissivity coating to reflect heat, while the gas in the cavity greatly reduces the transfer of heat.
Other types of glass have coatings to reduce the sun’s rays, such as Roof maker, which also retains heat in winter. Pilkington has several options, including Cervoglass, an insulated glazing product that protects against both temperature extremes.
Another option is self-cleaning glass, which helps gather dirt so that it simply washes away when it rains.
Bear in mind that when glass is treated it can lose some of its clarity and take on a slight tint, so take a close look at the options available and choose one that’s as clear as possible. For the greatest clarity and maximum light, look at low-iron glass.
With so much glazing, security could be an issue, but glass in conservatories must be toughened up to a height of 800mm, or up to 1,500mm for glass doors. Any quality glass roof should also feature toughened glass as standard.
Clever glazing isn’t always enough to keep a room with so much glass at optimum temperature in extremes of weather. Blinds are very useful for blocking out strong sun, and can be fitted on just the roof, or on both roof and doors.
Opt for bespoke designs that fit your conservatory perfectly and are as discreet as possible when not in use.
Pinoleum blinds, which have a wood-weave design, are an attractive option and create a dappled effect with the light. Electronic operation will make life easier.
- Ventilation and heating are essential to make a conservatory, orangery or sunroom feel comfortable.
- Ventilation is usually through roof vents, which can be operated electronically or manually with a pole.
- The vents can be thermostatically controlled and can also include rain sensors.
- Other solutions are mechanical fans mounted within the roof pinnacle, passive trickle vents within the roof ridge or opening windows within the vertical side frames of a roof lantern.
- For heating the space in colder months, underfloor heating is usually the best option as it’s the least obtrusive.
- Underfloor heating can be warm water as part of a larger ground-floor system or, for instant response, electric.
- A stone or tiled floor is most thermally conductive.
- Trench heating, a warm-water system sunk into the ground with a grille on top and running around the perimeter of the room, can make an attractive feature.
- A wood-burning stove can be a stylish focal point in a glazed extension.
Perhaps the main attraction of a conservatory is the connection it creates with the garden. Most period-style additions will open out to the garden through French doors, but bi-fold doors are increasingly popular as they stack to the side to allow for a wider opening.
Consider whether the conservatory will step down to the garden or be on a more level threshold, with direct access to decking or a patio area. If the latter, mirror the flooring inside and out for a greater flow.
A conservatory or orangery is part of the existing home or building if it is open plan to the rest of the house, and will have to comply with full building regulations, particularly with regard to glazing and heat loss.
A separate conservatory that has exterior-quality doors separating it from the main part of the house may not need to apply, as long as it is less than 30m2 and it meets the safety regulations for the glazing and electrical installation.
A good designer can advise and liaise with conservation and planning officers to ensure the new structure makes the best use of the available space within the parameters of legislation.
Look for a company who have the reputation and years of experience in designing for period properties. Be guided by their recommendations and where possible visit their workshops and design studios to see first hand the quality of the conservatories and this will help you understand what detail is being proposed.
Try to invest in the best quality you can afford as bespoke conservatories will be individually tailored to your needs and add value to your property.
Additional words by Paula Woods and Elizabeth Bailey