Types of carpet: how to choose the right carpet for all your rooms

Discover the differences between the different types of carpet to make picking out the right one a breeze. Our guide includes carpet costs, fitting and, inevitably, carpet cleaning

Types of carpet: Carpetright Country Living Dakota Wool Carpet
(Image credit: Carpetright)

Which carpet type to pick for which room? Buying the best carpet for a particular room can be quite a task, given the many things you need to bear in mind – from how much wear it'll be getting to the colour scheme of the room it'll be laid in. Our guide to choosing a carpet is here to advise and inspire.

Carpet is certainly the most comfort-enhancing option, making it a popular addition to living rooms and bedrooms, and while it may not be as easy to care for as other flooring options – think laminate and solid wood – there is no better choice for comfort, warmth and sound absorption. 

It's essential to maintain your carpet – with the help of one of our best vacuum cleaners 2020.

How much does carpet cost?

dark blue scheme bedroom with large metal finish bed and checked carpet

Get the Valentina Patterned Carpet in Blue Plaid from Carpetright

(Image credit: Carpetright)

There's a huge range in prices between the different types of carpet. You can buy a corded foam-backed carpet from as little as £2.99 per square metre from stockists such as Carpetright, with costs at some high-end suppliers reaching over £100 per square metre. On average, you are looking at around £20 per square metre for polypropylene carpet and £30 per square metre for wool-rich carpet plus underlay and fitting.

Types of carpet: woven or tufted?

bedroom with large open windows and wood scheme by carpetright

(Image credit: Carpetright)

There are two types of carpet, woven and tufted. Woven carpet is made using a labour-intensive method whereby colours and decoration are woven in rather than printed onto the surface. A high-end product, it is usually made from 80 to 100 per cent wool, and it comes in two forms: Axminster, often patterned with a velvet finish, and Wilton, which can be plain or textured.

Tufted carpet is the most popular type, with a more varied choice of styles. It is made by punching the pile yarn into a backing fabric using needles, which produces cut and loop pile designs.

Which types of carpet material to choose?

Carpetright Country Living Dakota Wool Carpet

(Image credit: Carpetright)

When it comes to choosing the material for your carpet, the main consideration is whether you prefer natural or synthetic. Both have their benefits, so it is mainly down to your personal choice – and budget. 

Wool has long been used in carpet manufacturing and is still recognised as the best fibre. It has a luxury feel and a low propensity to soil. It is also naturally flame-retardant. Wool is resilient, soft and warm, and retains  its appearance. Both 100 per cent wool carpets and mixes with man-made fibres in an 80/20  or 50/50 ratio are available. The latter two may be better for busy thoroughfares like halls and stairs.

light coloured carpet in light finish made from wool

Find the Rowan Wool Carpet at Carpetright

(Image credit: Carpetright)

Don't rule out synthetic, though: extremely hardwearing, with a high resistance to abrasion, nylon is easy to clean. It’s often used in an 80 per cent wool and 20 per cent nylon blend. Polypropylene is another good option; highly stain-resistant, man-made fibre with good abrasion resistance. It’s typically used in twists, loop piles and Saxony types.

Floorcoverings made from plant fibres are great for creating a relaxed and rustic effect, and can  be fitted wall to wall, just like carpet. Sisal is hardwearing enough to  be used in high-traffic areas around the home, including living spaces, hallways and stairs.

Where’s the best place to buy carpet?

Sisal Colossos Mink, £45 per m2, Sisal & Seagrass

Sisal Colossos Mink, £45 per m2, Sisal & Seagrass

(Image credit: Sisal & Seagrass)

We would recommend that you always buy from a reputable retailer. The Carpet Foundation has 700 members who operate under a Code of Practice approved by the Trading Standards Institute.

You can expect a written quotation, so there are no nasty surprises on your bill (such as charges for moving furniture), a protected deposit, and free conciliation if you experience any problems.

Which types of carpet to lay in which rooms?

Synergy in Teksilk in Gold Coast, £85 per m2, Elements London

Synergy in Teksilk in Gold Coast, £85 per m2, Elements London

(Image credit: Elements London)

Always have your carpet fitted professionally; it’s a real skill and should be fitted in accordance with BS5325 – the British Standard for the installation of textile floorings.

Carpet can be laid in any room, but is not recommended for kitchens, and most people avoid it in bathrooms. Halls, stairs and landings take the most wear and tear, so it is advisable to lay a hardwearing design in these areas, with at least 80 per cent wool content.

You can be a little more indulgent in bedrooms, for example, that aren’t used as much. Consider man-made fibres such as polypropylene for kids’ rooms and dining spaces as it’s highly stain-resistant. It’s also worth noting that most carpets are suitable for use with underfloor heating, but it is advisable to check your choice with the heating system manufacturer.

You can also find more tips on underfloor heating in our comprehensive guide.

sage green living room with pink toned plaid carpet and pink armchair

Get the Valentina Patterned Carpet in Pink Plaid from Carpetright

(Image credit: Carpetright)

Choosing a runner for your stairs

Hallway carpet in Black Magic

(Image credit: Brockway Carpets)

When it comes to carpeting stairs, there are two main types of carpet suitable: flatweaves and Wiltons. 

Wiltons are dense with a smooth, velvety feel while flatweaves are more flexible, making them an advisable choice for winding staircases. Fitting a flatweave carpet to winding stairs is a difficult job which should be done by a professional. 

Choosing a pattern for your stair runner

In terms of colour, go for bold stripes or a pattern to make a statement, or neutrals for a more subtle finish. Choose your runner before you choose your paint colour, as you can then opt for a colour that draws out the more subtle tones of your runner.

The rooms that lead off from the hall and stairs ought to have a similar colour scheme, though not necessarily the exact same shade.

staircase in fresh looking hallway with blue striped runner by roger oates design

(Image credit: Roger Oates Design)

How to lay a runner on stairs

When laying a runner on the stairs, leave a minimum of 5cm up to a maximum of 15cm wood/paintwork showing on either side of the runner. Anything in-between is really down to personal preference.

Fitting runners on landings

A bordered or non-bordered flatweave runner can be fitted on landings by way of mitred edges. Quarter and half landings can also be fitted in the traditional overlay fashion where one length of flatweave is laid perpendicular to the other. The seams and joins are either sewn by our skilled fitters on site or prepared in the workshop prior to dispatch.

For a larger landing you may want to consider a fitted ‘wall to wall’ option. Skilled workers in the Roger Oates workshop hand sew the lengths together to create larger pieces that can then be fitted in a similar way to standard broadloom carpet.

What is the best carpet material for pets? 

Carpetright Westex Penultima Carpet In Olive Green £35.99

Westex Penultima Carpet In Olive Green, £35.99 per sqm, Carpetright

(Image credit: Carpetright)

In a word: synthetic. Both nylon and polypropylene are excellent carpet materials for homes with pets: they are durable and stain-resistant, but most importantly, they are less attractive for scratching. Both dogs and cats gladly sink their claws into soft wool carpets, so avoid these in a house with pets, and definitely avoid anything with silk. Sisal is also not ideal, as it's very attractive scratching material (cat scratching posts are typically made from it). Colour-wise, it doesn't really matter: just invest in a vacuum for pet hair and vacuum regularly.  

How to clean carpet?

(Image credit: Jennifer Oksien)

To keep carpet in the best condition possible, it's important to vacuum regularly – at least twice a week. Quickly tackle any accidents to lessen the chance of lasting stains; solids should be scraped up. Blot spills carefully, working from the outside in, and apply cleaning agent to a cloth, never directly onto the carpet. 

Our guide to how to clean a carpet provides full instructions. 

We've also checked out the best carpet cleaning products and the best carpet cleaners if you don't think a vacuum will cut it.

For a professional service, contact the National Carpet Cleaners Association. You can also hire carpet-cleaning machines: Rug Doctor cleaners cost from £22.99 for 24 hours.

Looking for more information and ideas?

Anna Cottrell
Anna Cottrell

In 2018 Anna moved into the world of interiors from academic research in the field of literature and urban space and joined Realhomes.com as Staff Writer. She has a longterm interest in space-making and the evolution of interior style. She can also be found looking for the latest innovations in sustainable homewares or buying yet more bedding.