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76 deck ideas – stylish, all-season designs for your backyard

These deck ideas will help you create a decking scheme that is perfect for outdoor dining and relaxing.

A semi-enclosed deck porch with seating area and fire pit
(Image credit: Solus Decor)

The deck ideas in this gallery will satisfy your wildest decking fantasies. From cute small decks that have been transformed into colorful outdoor rooms to sprawling wood deck ideas for large country backyards, we've left no style, shape or size of deck uncovered. From blonde wood that creates that unmistakable coastal look to composite decking that looks just like warm cedarwood, there's a wide variety of looks and finishes to choose from.

If your deck is already laid, you may choose to enhance it with the best patio furniture or potted florals, and if you're starting from scratch, the look you create is all down to how you configure your decking, including what you plant around it and how you furnish or dress it. You'll want to consider also who is going to be using the space, as elderly parents and young children will require a stable surface that's not slippy.

Building a deck is a great way to create an outdoor dining or seating space, or to add the landscaping you need around other backyard features. As well as selecting an appropriate material for your deck, you’ll need to think about size, location and whether you'll be installing it yourself or hiring someone to do it.

1. Brighten up your deck with rainbow colored decor

Rainbow themed deck ideas with multicolored parasol, pink painted fence,

(Image credit: @miss_mustard_design)

Bring a seventies-style disco vibe into your backyard with technicolor deck ideas like Kimberley Yates, color enthusiast and Instagram home renovator (aka @miss_mustard_design (opens in new tab))

Here, traditional wooden decking scheme is given a dose of Saturday Night Fever with pink painted fences and a multi-colored parasol from Dunelm (opens in new tab). The square, black-framed mirror from Home Bargains also works to bounce light from the sun to make the space feel bigger.

Speaking of her favorite accessories on the deck she says: 'The super talented Jo of Ruby Charles Design (opens in new tab) kindly gifted me one of her stunningly gorgeous velvet disco ball cushions.'

'You must check out Kukoon rugs (opens in new tab). I’ve never known such a big variation of choice... it was so hard to choose! I like this as it’s got contrasting tufted areas within the design making it extra soft and comfy under foot.'

'From experience most outdoor rugs are pretty basic with the original geometric type design style, loving the quirky design of the unique zebra print, that can be used both indoor and outdoors.'

2. Create an all-weather outdoor spa

Swimming pool under deck with fireplace and grey decking

(Image credit: Deck Remodelers)

Be inspired by a spa-style wood deck to enhance your backyard's landscape and create your own oasis of tranquility?

'When is spa more than a spa? When it's built into one of our decks. It's more like a pool with a remote control lid. It must be nice swimming and enjoying a fire all year round on a beautiful deck. This one has it all!' says Sean McAleer, lead designer and owner of New Jersey based, Deck Remodelers (opens in new tab).

Bugs, pool algae and debris are all magnets to water which can then spill onto your deck ideas, so discover how to clean decking in depth.

3. Use faux plants and cushions to decorate

A colorful deck idea using faux climbing plants, cushions and brown rattan furniture

(Image credit: @bellybaila)

If your climate doesn't allow for the plants you want to grow or if you're a total beginner gardener, fake the look with artificial greenery.

'This vine growing up the privacy wall is faux. I ordered on Amazon because I thought it would take too long to grow plus I didn't want to attract extra insects,' says Seana (opens in new tab)on her Instagram account.

'A year in and this vine has held up. I think the key to ensuring faux plants don't look too fake is by interspersing them with real plants – as the other two in the shot are.'

'The pillows by Smith Honig (opens in new tab) and are of amazing quality. They've held up uncovered and exposed to all of the elements for a year now. The pillows and rug really provided the creative direction for the look.'

4. Paint your deck using a pastel hue

Pastel purple deck ideas with teal and pink table accessories on dark grey wooden garden table

(Image credit: @saara_mcloughlin)

Pick up the best decking paints and paint a deck yourself for a budget-friendly and stunning update. Instead of sticking to traditional shades of brown, grey or green, add a color pop to your deck ideas with purples and muted teals.

This purple decking idea by Saara McLoughlin (opens in new tab) has been matched by an equally cute and colorful tablescape. It suits summer BBQ and sweater weather, and brightens up the greyest of grey autumn and winter days.

5. Make evenings more comfy with heating accessories

Deck idea pictured in evening with electric fireplace, dining table, sofas and TV

(Image credit: Deck Remodelers)

Deck ideas are a wonderful home investment, but too often as we approach fall, our outdoor living spaces are often abandoned because we pay little attention to heating accessories. However, don't underestimate these extra touches as they will offer comfort and coziness well into the evening.

'The perfect space to spend all day into the night. A new deck with full louvered roof, infrared heaters, fans, fireplace with TV along with full height wood grain privacy panels.' says McAleer.

6. Create a gorgeous Mediterranean vibe

Mediterranean inspired deck with light wood fence, stone painted deck, white textured outdoor rug, an olive accessories

(Image credit: @the_grey_residence_no_4)

'We replaced the fencing, painted the decking in Ronseal warm stone ultimate protection deck paint decking paint (opens in new tab) to revive it, created a raised flower bed with sleepers and bought new furniture and water feature. I was fortunate to work with some amazing companies to create the final look.'

Like most moms, Sami's deck idea comprises of affordable items that look good and are priced well. For example, her furniture was sourced from Aldi (opens in new tab), festoon lights and solar lanterns from Lights4Fun (opens in new tab), parasol and hammock from Vonhaus (opens in new tab) and olive cushion and statue candle from H&M (opens in new tab)

7. Create a Scandi vibe with black and cream decor

A Scandinavian inspired deck idea with cream painted pallet furniture, cushions and faux grass with shed in background

(Image credit: @the.hadley.home)

Scandinavian decor is all about creating cozy vibes. To create this Nordic look, learn how to make outdoor pallet furniture for more character. Then follow in Sarah and Joe (opens in new tab)'s footsteps and paint yours (as well as their shed) in Cuprinol (opens in new tab) Natural Stone. Sticking to the same outdoor paint brand, they used shade Urban Slate on their deck idea.

To style, pick up some outdoor cushions and other accessories like this candle and faux plants they found at IKEA (opens in new tab). Faux grass also ensures the decking stays clean and free of grassy or muddy footprints.

8. Set up your own gin bar for alfresco drinks

Gin bar on deck with rattan dining set, DIY bar and Boxer dog in forefront

(Image credit: @building_the_dream_2016)

Whether you like a gin and tonic, whiskey on the rocks or a large glass of vino, drinking at home has a much different vibe than drinking at the bar. For one, you won't have to pay over the odds for your liquor, there's no queuing involved and you can be sure the music is to your taste.

This design by couple Kayleigh and Luke (opens in new tab) has been made up as a rustic garden bar idea made from pallets, with an on-trend rattan dining set and grey tablescape and beer on tap for extra measure. And you can bet your bottom dollar that Boxer dog Frank makes a good bouncer.

9. Combine decking with bifold windows 

Edwardian garden with decking and bifold doors, brown sofa and outdoor garden chairs and tables with stone gravel on ground

(Image credit: @edwardianhouserenovation)

Bringing the outside in is a phrase you've probably heard A LOT when it comes to blending your interiors with your exteriors. Not only can it improve your mental health, but creating cohesion can also trick the mind into thinking your space is larger than it is.

To create a seamless look, this homeowner went for an oak hardwood deck idea to complement the oak floor inside and created an airy, open feel with a bifold door idea.

'I absolutely love having this connection with the garden when it's warm enough to open the bifolds.' says Hannah Ashe, who documents her 1909 Edwardian home on her Instagram account, @edwardianhouserenovation (opens in new tab).

10. Create a decked pergola design

Black decked pergola design with beagle sat under shade and rattan garden furniture

(Image credit: @allie_wilson_home)

Whatever life throws at you, you can always rely on a sturdy pergola to provide shade, privacy and respite in your outdoor space. Perhaps you want to sunbathe with dignity, or enjoy a few drinks outside when the weather is less than optimal - your yard, your choice.

But if you don't want this arched structure in your garden to look uninspiring - don't stress - it's all in the styling. Here, Allie Wilson, of @allie_wilson_home (opens in new tab) found an affordable rug and festoons from Next (opens in new tab), and styled with accessories from Dunelm. Her furniture was a quick win from Aldi's (opens in new tab) infamous Special Buys aisle. And that Orla Kiely (opens in new tab) upholstered chair was made using fabric and a little help from her mother-in-law.

11. Use stencils to create a decorative deck design

A deck idea with mosaic style stenciling, black rattan table, potted plants and candles, and egg chair in background

(Image credit: Melanie Jane Design)

If you want to create a feminine and fun deck that looks exotic, turn to Ancient Greece for inspiration. This grey and white mosaic design perfectly complements the clay earthenware, potted plants and Global cushions. And, the secret is to use stencils. These ones are from Dizzy Duck Designs (opens in new tab)

'I recently painted my decking in a mosaic style using Cuprinol (opens in new tab) paints and absolutely love how it's transformed our garden,' says Melanie Jade, founder of Melanie Jade Design (opens in new tab).

12. Build your deck idea around nature

A deck idea with cherry blossom tree, marble effect table and exposed brick wall

(Image credit: @prettylittlevictorianreno)

Isn’t this just the perfect setting that Vicky Smith of @prettylittlevictorianreno (opens in new tab) has created in her garden?

With a gorgeous marble effect garden table, exposed brick walls and the addition of a deck idea positioned under the beautiful Yosino cherry blossom tree, this setting is at its best in the springtime, making it a stunning and chilled spot to relax with a glass of rose. Though the Ivy has been cleared, Vicky is hoping for it to trail up the wall to give it a fairytale feel.

To paint the fences, she used Lick Home masonry paint in White 04 (opens in new tab), an off-white or soft linen with a hint of grey.

'I thought I would try something other than Cuprinol for a change. Also note this is one coat of paint using a roller and a paint brush which is really good coverage. I figured I'd save the second coat for next year.'

13. Create a calming vibe with sage and white 

Two white Adirondack deck chairs on decking in backyard with rattan potted tree and lantern lighting

(Image credit:

Blue skies, bird song and greenery can make your yard the most tranquil of outdoor spaces to enjoy a cup of tea or set up as a reading nook idea. But the way you style your space with seating, paint colors and decor can either add to this calm or see it come crashing.

Thankfully, in this deck idea, the white deck chairs and sage-colored outbuilding give a natural contrast to the biophilic backdrop, whilst adding an chic elegant, coastal and beachy vibe in Helen Burridge's (opens in new tab) Victorian house.

Speaking about her backyard, she says: 'I love bringing indoor cushions outside and these linen cushions work perfectly with these Adirondacks.'

14. Use wisteria in a deck idea

A deck idea with purple wysteria tree, fire pit and purple and blue assorted cushions with outdoor rug

(Image credit: @ginandinteriors)

Not just for front porch ideas, if you want to pretty up your deck ideas, turn to purple Wisteria flowers. 

This climbing plant produces cascades of fragrant flowers come springtime. Though be warned, it’s a vigorous plant that needs regular pruning, training and maintenance but is well worth the effort, as you can see in this decking idea. 

It looks amazing in full bloom draping over garden pergolas or crawling up an exterior wall.

'This wisteria was here when we got the house but we had to hack it back when we replaced the fence and it came back stronger than ever. It flowers in April and it’s lovely but the petals go everywhere!' says Cara Mills, graphic designer and owner of Instagram home account, @ginandinteriors (opens in new tab).

Pair with lilac cushions to coordinate your textiles with your tree. Find similar at Matalan (opens in new tab).

15. Sink into a sunken hot tub

A deck idea using Ipe and Tigerwood and sunken hot tub design

(Image credit: @deckremodelers)

Hot tubs hold a multitude of benefits. They aren't just good for spending time with family and friends, but they also are great for sore muscles after a hard day's work. 

What might seem like a luxury deck idea to one, is simply a holistic treatment for another. And if there's one thing the pandemic has taught us, it's that self care matters so if you can splurge - it's a worthwhile investment.

Not sure you want a hot tub as a permanent deck feature? These inflatable hot tubs will be the perfect compromise.

16. Use a table and bench combo for informal dining

A deck idea in garden room with garden dining table and bench with outdoor rug

(Image credit: @mark_and_rowe_interiors)

When the weather's nice, there's nothing better than eating outside in your home. But, no one wants to sit in formal seating when you're having a BBQ or cookout so put your money where your mouth is with the best garden bench and table.

At backyard parties, where there will be more guests than usual, you can squeeze up on this seating without thinking about individual chairs for everyone. This stylish, global-inspired scene by Natalia, of @marks_and_rowe_interiors (opens in new tab) combines black decor with light wood for a sleek and sophisticated alfresco scheme.

Find the exact rug and lanterns at La Redoute (opens in new tab), bench from IKEA and mirror from Maisons Du Monde (opens in new tab) and sofa set from B&Q (opens in new tab).

17. Create a Moroccan-inspired decking idea 

Moroccan style evening decking idea by Cuprinol

(Image credit: Cuprinol)

Vacations, especially those of the long-haul type, can be expensive. So if you want to travel to a tropical or exotic location, it can be taxing on your wallet.

You can echo the North African garden trend that's so popular right now by adding Moroccan style rugs, lightbulbs in primary colors and Berber-style cushions. Set it all off with tropical planting. think palms, ferns and fast-growing bamboo.

Now all you need to do is rustle up a fruity Tagine and serve with some mint tea and Baklava.

18. Use colorful accessories to contrast dark decking

Al fresco dining area with outdoor bench, cushions, and red planter

(Image credit: Cuprinol)

Just as dark walls are trending inside, dark decking is a hot look al fresco. You can stain or paint existing wood to get this look. A dark charcoal grey is our favorite finish.

Pair dark decking with a light wood bench and add color with bright cushions, a table runner and stand-out crockery and glassware.

Pot your plants and create a vibrant-colored container garden for extra oomph. Or keep your planting bright – fuchsias, dahlias and geraniums look particularly vibrant. 

19. Explore decking edging ideas for a contemporary effect

A deck idea with deck chair, slimline table and faux candles by Lights4Fun

(Image credit: Lights4Fun)

Decking edging ideas are well worth exploring if you don't have a lawn but still want the defined, zoned look that garden edging offers. Decking edging is a bit more expensive than a standard rectangular deck, but the effect is undeniably elegant and worth it, especially in a smaller backyard. 

20. Add a printed outdoor rug to a decking area

Outdoor rug, egg chair and planted tree on deck idea by The Rug Retailer

(Image credit: The Rug Retailer)

Cozy and comforting, the best outdoor rugs are a textile that can add character and break up monotonous floor space – including a large expanse of deck. 

Specifically designed for outdoor use, this palm-print rug from The Rug Retailer (opens in new tab) is made from incredibly durable and stain-resistant and weatherproof polypropylene that's easy to clean too. It's the ultimate finishing touch for any yard decking idea. 

Other on-trend prints to look for a Berber-style diamonds in monochrome colors and bold, big florals in the brightest shades.

21. Add an accent deck to a garden room entrance

Garden room with accent decking and bifold sliding doors with reclined deck chairs

(Image credit: TGO)

If you don't want to fork out on a large area of decking, or only have small area to cover – consider accent decking ideas.

This small decking idea is perfect for those who don't want an all-or-nothing decked space and allows for versatility in your garden space.

Better still, if you are thinking of a garden room, it'll add a stable surface for your children or guests to enter and exit from.

22. Create a bohemian scheme with lots of texture

Boho garden with cream decking, LED festoon lighting, assorted colorful cushions, chair and houseplant with arched mirror by Joe Browns

(Image credit: Joe Browns)

Free-spirited and fun, bohemian-esque deck space is perfect for those who like to sit back and relax in all seasons. Granted it gets a little chilly during late-night chats when sitting out alfresco, you'll want lots of layers in the form of throws and cushions on your chairs and floor space.This pouf also acts as the perfect footrest too.

23. Create a Scandi-style beachscape

A decking idea with cream garden bench and chairs within sanded area

(Image credit: Nest)

Scandinavian design has transformed our interiors for a while now, but have you thought about taking this trend outdoors? This light decking idea is playful and can be designed to suit the whole family's needs.

For a grown-up garden idea, add shade-loving garden plants that thrive in sandy soils to gaze at while sitting outdoors. Cacti or succulent plants tend to do well in these conditions. 

Or go all-out with a sandbox idea for the kids. It'll keep them entertained for hours without expensive toys and electronic gadgets.

24. Build a cool decking idea on your front porch

A decking idea in front porch with patterned outdoor rug, monochrome chairs

(Image credit: Cuckooland)

Whether you want to increase the price of your property with curb appeal, or simply want a space for your kids to enjoy - decking in a porch idea can be a pretty investment.

Ideal for reading outside or an older child who might've forgotten their keys, this space offers shelter from the sun and rain.

It also couples up as the perfect spot for a sip or two of wine or beer and allows you to be sociable with your neighbors.

25. Create a relaxing space with a hammock design

Striped grey garden hammock with rounded jute rug, potted plants, cushions, metal chair

(Image credit: Beaumonde)

Ready, steady, and ahhh relax. There's nothing quite like a hammock to get your dose of Vitamin D. That's once you've managed to mount it and get cozy.

Made from comfortable cotton and decorated with a grey striped print design, this hammock by Bloomingville (opens in new tab) is the perfect Boho addition to your favorite sunspot.

26. Or add some shaded protection with a coccoon

Hanging Cacoon in red and Mango Orange on wooden decking by Cuckooland

(Image credit: Cuckooland)

Want to provide your kids with a fun seat on a decking idea - this colorful cacoon from Cuckooland is sure to turn some heads.

Using a blend of cotton and polyester keeps the canvas soft to touch and its durable, mold, water and UV resistant outer will protect it from all the elements.

When the weather is a little drizzly, the hanging seat folds down to a manageable size to help you transport it anywhere you like; including holidays, back yards or in a bedroom.

It's also available in a double for a romantic glamping setup in the garden - but that doesn't mean you have to share!

While the Mango orange color is sold out, the fuchsia pink version (opens in new tab) gives us all the Coachella and Lollapalooza vibes.

27. Incorporate decking into an outdoor pool idea

Pool with decking detail by Millboard, with orange flip flops, blue hardback book and black sunglasses

(Image credit: Millboard)

When entering and exiting your outdoor swimming pool, you'll want a material that is highly slip-resistant, and doesn't rot or split.

Enhancing outdoor spaces, this weathered oak decking by Millboard (opens in new tab) gives the illusion of wood without the risk of splintering.

28. Or use it to deck out your front yard

Decking in front garden yard by Envirobuild with two black deck chairs

(Image credit: Envirobuild)

If you don't have the luxury of an outdoor pool, don't fret. A deck will look just as great on a manicured front yard.

Fresh or faux, keep off the turf with a raised deck. After a particularly muddy day or sun scorching weekend, they'll be no excuse to ruin your lawn with chair legs and parasols.

29. Contrast light grey decking with pastel chairs

Decked area with pastel painted furniture in mint green and lemon yellow with cream dining tabled furniture

(Image credit: Treacle George)

'Pastels are the perfect route to take outdoors, looking more dusty in the summer sun.' say Rob Abrahams and Rob Green, co-founders of COAT Paints (opens in new tab).

'Why not embrace some killer pastel shades for the outside of our house with exterior paint? To really max up that kerb appeal, remember to contrast the color of your masonry paint with that of your front door or other accent.'

We love the use of lemon and mint to create this balmy summer decking idea.

30. Nod to pastel shades

Decking and pastel green table with white and striped green chairs by Benjamin Moore

(Image credit: Benjamin Moore)

How cool and refreshing is this mint-colored table? Using a scheme of pastel green and creamy vanilla is one way to a tasty exterior space.

With the stripe motif chairs and light grey decking, we're getting all the seaside vibes. Now all we need is the ice cream truck to come down the block...for the kids of course.

31.Deck out a balcony

Decking on balcony by Envirobuild with round metal table and two metal chairs and chilled glasses of white wine

(Image credit: Envirobuild)

If you live in an apartment with a balcony, you'll know how lovely it is to sit outside and catch some rays during golden hour.

This contemporary deck idea uses dark brown wood to provide a stable seating area to enjoy a glass of vino or perhaps an alfresco lunch or dinner.

Depending on how much space you have, you may want to invest in a stylish table and chair setup to get the most out of this area.

32. Use a decking idea on a staircase

House exterior with decking on stairs, green front door and green shutter window treatment with striped pink and white beach towel

(Image credit: Benjamin Moore)

If you want to elevate your front entrance, a deck idea is one way to deliver. Adding interest through contrasting color and texture, this white and wood staircase is one way to woo your guests (and make your neighbors jealous).

Go one further by painting your doors, banister and window fixtures. We like this green idea which aligns with nature, including the pop of palm tree pictured here. Our video guide on how to paint a door will prove helpful for beginners and is a useful reminder for the more experienced renovator.

33. Create a cheap shaded deck with landscaping materials

A deck idea with wooden bench seat under a pergola

(Image credit: Carole King)

If the sun ever does shine you’ll want a little shade from it, so why not make a covered pergola idea for your garden decking?

You’ll also be able to flex your green fingers and grow a few climbers along the structure to break up the space and add some greenery.

This homeowner has created a beautiful outdoor room area using an open weave seagrass along the pergola allowing just enough light to break through.

This interiors blogger – Dear Designer (opens in new tab) – has created a stunning outdoor space using dark wood decking furniture and a hand-built pergola.  Don't forget to accessorize with cushions – find lots of outdoor cushions at Wayfair (opens in new tab).

34. Mix and match your furniture decor on your deck

Outroom dining area on patio deck by Sandtex with assorted colorful metal dining chair and tables and round spherical lanterns

(Image credit: Sandtex)

The best garden furniture doesn’t always have to be monochrome; by adding some colorful chairs you can really bring your deck idea to life.

Mix and match your colors – which is a big trend right now – and you’ll have the most fashionable outdoor dining space you could imagine. It’s fun, vibrant and maintenance-free, leaving you more time to sit, relax and enjoy.

35. Turn yours into the ultimate chill-out spot

A decking idea with black and grey rattan seating and assortment of outdoor vines and plants

(Image credit: Ikea)

Cushioned seating, plants, lanterns and a pergola for just the right amount of dappled light and privacy, if you needed convincing, this is all the inspiration you need.

36. Create zones around your decking area with screens

Garden screening zones off decking area surrounded by lush greenery

(Image credit: Future x Centaur Archive)

Deck ideas will automatically add definition to an outdoor space, but to carve out individual areas and any outdoor living rooms you want to include, think about adding some garden screening ideas into the mix.

Brilliant to polish off the look and to add the element of privacy from nosy neighbors too. This is especially important if you have a big garden space, or want to sunbathe.

36. Line your decking with trees (and lights)

Tree lined decked area with colorful lanterns

(Image credit: Future x Centaur Archives)

To create next level interest and a really elevated garden area, line your decking with trees – big or small.

Choose species of the same height to add welly to this look and  the uniformity will draw the eye up and down to further enhance the length of your garden. 

And if you're worried about them growing into your neighbors garden or sucking up the nutrients from the ground reserved for other plants and flowers, discover the best small garden trees.

38. Frame your favorite shed

Built-up decking area in white created by Littleavonhouse using Wickes decking

(Image credit: Wickes x Littleavonhouse)

If you're in love with your shed (it happens) then let your decking reflect that. A fresh coat of white paint is an easy way to create a clean and contemporary finish. 

So if you have that white picket fence at the front of your house, why not create the ultimate 'American dream' in your back yard too.

Not sure how to paint a shed? Our tutorial will provide all the important info you need.

39. Use decking as a contrast to gravel

Levelled garden with decking filled with large trees and mixed florals

(Image credit: Future x Centaur Archive)

If you have a gravel in your garden, switch up your landscaping ideas and finishes with a decked area. It will add interest and a new level which is ideal especially in sloped gardens to add plants and garden furniture too for lounging, of course.

40. Co-ordinate your patio furniture

Bright decking area with outdoor dining set and arched framed mirror

(Image credit: Future x Centaur Archive)

When you have a large backyard (lucky) it's good to add cohesion to the entire space by coordinating materials, textures and finishes.

Your decking area is a great starting point for this, so consider matching up your garden furniture to add that level of uniformity to your outdoor space. 

41. Choose light decking for an all-natural look

Decked area with cream outdoor dining set and blue exterior doors

(Image credit: Benjamin Moore)

Choosing a light and natural finish to your decking will better reflect the rest of your garden or backyard space, making your decking area the perfect viewing spot.

It's also one way to cool down a room fast during a heatwave. So you can be comfortable without splashing out on expensive AC.

42. Add levels of loveliness with lights

A decking area with spherical glass Medusa floor lamps

(Image credit: CATELLANI & SMITH)

Add atmosphere to a decked spot in your backyard with next level garden lighting ideas. Ideal in contemporary spaces especially, use a mix of heights for more interest and to show off any planting too.

42. Use partitioned decking ideas for private dining

Decking with chained pergola and dramatic woodwork with two orange plante

(Image credit: Marcus Harpur)

A covered deck needn't mean giving your deck a roof – it can just mean giving it shelter with screening.

If you love the look and feel of natural wood, then you must remember to use decking stains or one of the best decking oils – and do it regularly.

Most decks do require maintenance of some kind or another, but why not use your stain or oil to make a feature of the space? In this garden, different colored stains have been used on the decorative wood to create a very effective look which is easy to follow through to the deck itself. 

This raised decking idea features different ‘room’ areas within a Victorian garden and interesting use of wood and staining to create a natural yet vibrant feel.

43. Frame with color

Low maintenance decking area in azur blue with L-shaped grey sofa and wooden table

(Image credit: Blooming Artificial )

Make your decking pop by framing your seating area with painted fencing.

The blue is warming and brings all the med vibes to what is actually a really simple setup. One more secret... Those topiary balls ain't real... We fake our plants with blooming artificial (opens in new tab) if you're all about ease too.

44. Choose decking tiles for easy installation

Decking tiles from Ikea with three wooden bar stools and plant pots.

(Image credit: Ikea)

If you're trying to decide between a deck and patio, you can have it both ways – by opting for decking tiles. 

Easy to install (they simply click together), the Runnen deck tiles (opens in new tab) from IKEA can be arranged in an attractive pattern and come in a variety of colors. 

45. Go for unpainted decking tiles for a more rustic look

A decking idea from Ikea with white rounded table and chair with blue cushion, shelving and white shutters

(Image credit: Ikea)

For a more natural look, choose an unpainted decking tile. The IKEA tiles come in a brown stained finish that will suit most gardens and balconies. 

46. Or use a light colored paint for a modern finish

Large cushioned sofa on light colored decking area with round low table

(Image credit: Juliettes Interiors)

Choose a light paint to nod to any neutral florals and garden furniture too. 

This kind of color scheme is a great way to add a spacious feel that is still cozy to bigger backyards.

47. Match decking and fence colors to trick the eye

A light decking idea with rattan seating for two

(Image credit: George at Asda)

While we might not always have a Mediterranean climate, we can connect to past holidays by creating a vacation-inspired decking idea. Matching the deck paint color to that of the fencing or walls is a brilliant way to do that. 

And choosing natural materials such as bamboo for furniture and accessories is just one way to create a summery vibe, while keeping colors muted can create a more sophisticated overall design. 

The Argos Home 4 seater bamboo sofa set (opens in new tab) works well in a small decked spot outside the house.

48. Enclose your garden deck with planting

Festoon lighting over a vine covered decking dining areas

(Image credit: Lights4Fun)

Using the simplest pergola construction, you can train climbing plants over a decked area to create a private space that's really well-shaded from the sun, too.

If you do this, you'll need good garden lighting for the evenings – and we'd suggest solar-powered garden lighting so that the garden lights up year-round without expending energy.

There are many benefits to solar lighting, but the main one is the ease of installation. Adding some solar decking lights will make the decking area functional and will help shape the deck into a fun-filled, welcoming part of the garden.

There's an abundance of styles and types available, so do your research. The more varied a selection you can install, the better the overall execution of your garden decking idea. 

Just as you would use lighting indoors, consider how to layer solar lights on your deck. Add fairy lights, festoon lights and lanterns, as well as deck spots, all solar-powered like this new collection from Lights4Fun (opens in new tab)–  to add layers of light.

49. Tidy your deck with good garden storage

ladder shelf on a deck by B&Q

(Image credit: B&Q)

Treat your outdoor deck area just as you would an indoor room. 

Clever garden storage is a must to keep everything tidy, as well as for displaying your best plants and herbs. Add some lights, and you’ve got the perfect practical look.  

50. Build a summer house – with a deck for a porch

Summerhouse on a deck with wall art grey armchair and footstool

(Image credit: Amanda Cottingham)

Considering building a garden room? While you’d need to lay a gravel base, many summer houses are built with a deck platform, which can look sophisticated and blend well with the design of the structure.

This homeowner has created a retro chic space at the bottom of her garden, making the most of the sun but providing shelter and shade from the elements when they get too much. 

Lifestyle blogger Amanda from The Ana Mum Diary (opens in new tab) built a stunning summerhouse – from Waltons (opens in new tab) – and decorated it with Mid-century accessories.

51. Soften the edge of the deck with overgrown planting

decking area next to a modern home with brise soleil

(Image credit: Ronseal)

Blurring the edges of a deck with planting makes it look much more established within a garden – and much prettier.

Let the deck's color complement your borders too: they don’t have to be bland and brown. There are myriad decking paints out there that allow you to jazz up your outdoors and splash a little personality onto your deck.

If you want sleek and sophisticated go for greys; for bold and bright try an orange; or keep it more natural and choose a subtle green. The best news is that the paint seals and nurtures the wood too.  

Ronseal decking rescue paint (opens in new tab) comes in 10 different colors, smooths the rough surfaces and fills cracks, leaving your wood with long-lasting color and protection.

52. Boost greenery on a wall-to-wall deck with potted plants

Rustic and industrial style decking with plenty of plants and vertical ladder

(Image credit: Wyevale Garden Centre)

Soften the look of your wooden deck with the addition of statement plants. Vary the height and style, and cluster your pots into groups for the best visual effect. Invest in good quality pots and don’t forget your watering can.

53. Create a covered deck – and choose the best decking materials

Covered composite decking area with seating with grey and orange cushions

(Image credit: Sian Astley)

Decking materials come in many forms, and it’s always worth researching what will work for your garden decking and for those who will be using the area.

Consider how much time and effort you want to spend on maintenance too. This beautiful decked garden room was created for BBC’s Getting the Builders In and features a composite decking material, in anthracite. 

Sian Astley (opens in new tab), interior designer and builder at Moregeous Design created this raised decking idea using composite decking.

Available from retailers such as Timbertech (opens in new tab), composite deck boards don’t rot, warp or splinter, and require very little maintenance. 

54. Position an outdoor cooking station nearby

Decking ideas with outdoor kitchen equipment and dining area

(Image credit: Ikea)

Having a decked area is perfect for dining alfresco, and what do you need for that to happen?

A cooking station of course. Outdoor kitchen ideas are all the rage and we are big fans of keeping them close-by to your hang out area too – nodding to the more convivial decking ideas around.

55. Small garden decking ideas are perfect for side returns

Courtyard decking area with blue walls behind a terrace

(Image credit: Maxine Brady)

If space is limited but you’d still like small garden decking ideas, then let this stunning decked courtyard inspire you.

Packed with all the essentials including a bistro table and chairs, bench seating area, colorful plant pots and lights, added flair comes in the shape of the canopy. It’s the perfect way to make use of an underused side return. 

Blogger and interior stylist Maxine Brady (opens in new tab) has created this beautiful yet incredibly practical area at her sunny seaside home. Shop Amazon colourful plant pots (opens in new tab), and see similar bistro sets at Wayfair (opens in new tab)

56. Use decking edging ideas to enhance a pond

Round decking design with flowers in the center and around perimeter

(Image credit: Leigh Clapp Photography)

This is one of our favorite decking edging ideas – the style of the pond water feature and the planting work seamlessly together, perfectly blending contemporary hardscaping with relaxed, rustic planting. 

57. Decking ideas for private spaces? Surround them with vertical planting

Town garden with decking and wooden outdoor dining set in Stockwell by My Landscapes

(Image credit: My Landscapes)

Creating a strong vertical garden around your deck will give you a private space that's still spacious. Choose perennials that won't drop their leaves so that your decking remains secluded all year round. One of those outdoor deck ideas that will transform your backyard into a luscious jungle. 

58. Enhance wood deck ideas with built-in deck lights

Lakeview Rooftop and Garden design with deck staircase lighting project by dSpace

(Image credit: dSpace design studio)

Decking lighting is essential to a good-looking deck at night, and we have already covered fairy lights and solar lights for an instant effect.

But there are lots of other lighting options, from traditional built-in spotlights to more unusual bespoke lighting options. To really enhance your wood deck ideas, choose lighting that complements your deck's shape and design. 

This rooftop multi-level deck has been enhanced with integrated panel lighting that accentuates the steps. Designed by dSpace Studio (opens in new tab)

59. Outdoor deck ideas meet outdoor spa ideas 

Renson Camargue Louvered Canopy with Hot Tub by Garden House Design in Sussex

(Image credit: Garden House Design)

Outdoor deck ideas with a hot tub are a popular option, especially in climates where a swimming pool would not be practical for most of the year. There are several options for including a hot tub into a deck, but we think that a semi-covered hot tub is the best year-round option. Make sure you grab yourself a bargain with the best hot tub deals.

This decking idea with a hot tub is sheltered under a Renson Camargue Louvered Canopy (opens in new tab) by Garden House Design. 

60. Choose composite decking for longevity

Millboard Composite Decking Weathered Vintage Garden House Design

(Image credit: Garden House Design)

Like wood but want longevity? You can buy wood-effect decking with the durability of concrete, such as the Millboard Composite Decking Weathered Vintage (opens in new tab) from Garden House Design or  Marshalls’ Woodstone sleepers (opens in new tab).

This is a good option if you are concerned that wooden decking may be too slippery or doesn't quite suit the terrain that your decking sits within.

61. Decking sun shades add contemporary style and bags of protection

Dark grey decking with white outdoor dining set and assorted planters

(Image credit: Cuprinol)

Here's a garden decking idea that makes sense in a heatwave: put up a sun shade above your deck. 

It's both a practical addition to your outdoor space, protecting you (and the deck) from excess heat, and a stylish solution that will emphasise your dining area and create a chic boudoir look.

62. Find decking furniture that could live indoors

Grey garden dining set with beige parasol and light decking

(Image credit: Ikea)

Looking to furnish your deck in an on trend way? Don't choose garden furniture that looks like garden furniture – choose buys that look like they could belong indoors.

Better still, choose garden furniture that mimics the style and design of your furniture indoors for a really cohesive look.

Blonde decking wood is a popular choice for contemporary garden design, but a warm shade can look just as smart. If you are going for warm wood, however, opt for light, cool-toned garden furniture – it'll give the whole look more of a 'lift'. The best wooden garden furniture is classic in design and will provide timeless outdoor seating.

This deck has been furnished with The Taavi Outdoor Sofa Set (opens in new tab) from Garden House Design. 

63. Combine decking lighting with heating

La Hacienda Table Top Electric Heater

(Image credit: John Lewis & Partners)

As the weather gets cooler, you'll likely be thinking about ways to keep your deck warm, so that you can still use it throughout autumn.

Patio heaters are not always the best-looking things, but many newer electric models combine great style with great infrared heating properties.

We like how the La Hacienda patio heater (opens in new tab) from Argos sits on a tabletop and looks like a lamp; perfect for creating that indoor-outdoor living space vibe. 

64. Install built-in seating

built-in garden seating with green paint decor and assortment of cushions

Fence painted in Dusky Gem and seating in Seagrass, both Cuprinol (opens in new tab) Garden Shades, 2.5L, £29.76

(Image credit: Cuprinol)

New slatted fencing and seating to match will turn a deck into a welcoming spot to catch the sun’s rays. 

Include lift-up seat tops for practical storage and soft seat pads for comfort then pile with cushions to make it an enticing place to linger.

65. Design a water feature into contemporary decking

Havwoods decking with pool feature and seating

(Image credit: Havwoods)

Some deck ideas are especially suitable for modern decking designs – a minimalist water feature is one of them. Think a calm pool in a geometric shape, or an intricate waterfall.

You will also need to think about the type of decking treatment you'll be using to protect the planks from water damage – or use water-resistant composite decking, like the Havwoods composite decking (opens in new tab) used in this contemporary garden.

66. Use decking materials on walls to create a rustic feel

Garden with green painted Adirondack chairs and overhead white beams

(Image credit: Getty)

Love the textures that decking brings to your garden? You can face a wall with decking to continue the look – like in this garden. If your deck faces south, it will get hot there during the summer, especially during lunchtime.

Parasols will give only limited coverage, while awnings can look at odds with the character of your home, so consider building a pergola to add shade.

Add climbing plants for all-natural, green coverage, and paint yours for a smart look.

67. Use decking to improve a sloping site

Decking with built in planting, steps and built-in floating bench

2 in 1 Decking Stain Preserver, from £36 for 2.5ltr, Sadolin (opens in new tab)

(Image credit: Sadolin)

If your garden is sloping, a deck idea can really improve its layout and functionality, giving you different levels that can be devoted to different uses, from dining to sunbathing.

Building a deck with different levels is much more complicated than just knowing how to lay decking and creating a flat square of it, so we'd highly recommend you call in a professional. 

68. Make room for a home bar outdoors on the deck

Decking with tall table and bar stools

(Image credit: Garden Trading )

From Gin balloons with all the garnishes to a blushing glass of rosé, nothing beats entertaining outside with a cold beverage to quench your thirst.

But rather than leaving your guests to prepare their drinks, why not create an opportunity to host in style with a bar setup?

This weatherproof teak table from Garden Trading (opens in new tab) comes with a galvanized steel trough, that can be filled with ice and drinks or flowers for a lovely display.

The central tray is removable, and the table comes with a separate teak slat to cover the trough when you've no got guests round.

69. Warm up the deck with lights and a fire pit

36" Elevated Fire Pit by Solus Decor

(Image credit: Solus Decor)

Making a deck suitable for all seasons is a must so that you can enjoy long evenings outdoors. Add extra cushions to the garden furniture out on your deck and invest in a nice fire pit.

There are countless designs out there, but we really fancy the 36" Elevate Halo Fire Pit (opens in new tab) by Solus Decor: it's substantial and contemporary and just look gorgeous as part of a decking area ensemble.

70. Give your deck an artistic touch with decorative screens

Decorative screen for deck with two rattan chairs in forefront – VERDURE LARGE SCREEN

(Image credit: Screen with Envy)
(opens in new tab)

There's no better way to elevate a decking area into a cool outdoor area than by adorning the surrounding walls with art work.

Here, it's a lavish garden screen that's creating all the drama. See how the pattern complements the seating and even the natural lines in the surrounding foliage? Yep, that's art.

'Decking is an excellent idea for autumn as it elevates a seating area from the ground, ensuring none of the quintessentially British rain can disturb a late-night stint of stargazing,' says Sophie Birkert, founder of Screen With Envy (opens in new tab).

'Further, our screens can be used in combination with decking to provide further shelter from the elements. Constructed from a wood composite material which is weatherproof, and requires zero-maintenance the screens add defense and decoration to a fence or wall.'

A decking idea with decorative garden privacy screens by Screen with Envy and beige garden furniture with Pampas grass centerpiece

(Image credit: Screen with Envy )

71. Use spot deck lights for elegance and atmosphere

Deck lights on steps in backyard

(Image credit: Wayfair)
(opens in new tab)

Does anything else say charming holiday beach retreat more than deck outdoor lighting

Subtle (and very useful), plus they will add so much atmosphere to the dining area on the main deck itself. They also make shallow steps much safer to traverse at night.

72. Create a place to simply perch

A rustic decking idea with floating table and black chairs by Wayfair

(Image credit: @kristinanevans)

Perfect for adults perching with a couple of mimosas or for children to sit and enjoy crafts or homework, this floating desk deck idea by Oklahoma-based home decor enthusiast, Kristina Evans (opens in new tab) is perfect for working and partying hard. Part farmhouse, part boho, we love this outdoor living scheme that allows you to get some fresh air.

These Nico Modern Geometric 26.25" Patio Bar Stools (opens in new tab) in this backyard oasis come in a set of 2 and are from Wayfair.

73. Light up planters to add depth and texture at night

A rooftop deck at night with lighting and planters

(Image credit: Reveal Design)

Strategically positioning deck spotlights to accent your deck planter ideas will add character and depth to the decked area in the evenings. Lighting up the plants in your deck planters rather than the deck itself will make your deck seem bigger. This beautiful custom-built deck is by  Reveal Design Chicago (opens in new tab) . 

74. Use built-in seating to enhance a corner deck

A decked backyard with lit built-in planters

(Image credit: On Common Ground Landscapes)

If you're looking for landscaping around a deck that makes the most of a small urban backyard, make the most of corners. Built-in seating around a deck corner can save you a lot of space, while adding a cool contemporary feel. This landscaping idea for a decked corner is by On Common Ground Landscapes (opens in new tab)

75. Create an outdoor room vibe around a pool deck

A pool deck area with outdoor rug and wing chair

(Image credit: MYFACE)

A  hanging chair and water-resistant outdoor rug can make a huge difference to the feel of a deck that's next to your pool. Pool deck ideas don't have to do away with soft furnishings – you just need to be clever in choosing the right materials that won't get damaged by water. 

76. Explore deck lattice ideas for deck screening

A decked area of a large backyard with lattice screening

(Image credit: Ros Crosland / Alamy Stock Photo)

If your decked area is exposed but you're not keen on solid fencing, you should explore deck lattice ideas. Latticed screening looks very organic with a deck, especially if you match the wood tone. And if you train some climbing plants up the lattice, you can create a perfect secluded spot on your deck without the need for any more privacy measures.

What color should I paint my decking?

'The outside of our homes are often the poor relation to our interior decorating.', says Helen Shaw, UK Director at Benjamin Moore (opens in new tab). 'Maintaining and refreshing your exterior woodwork not only protects the surfaces but it is a fantastic way of creating an impression, particularly if you embrace color.'

'Although the go-to paint is often a white or off white, choosing a bolder color is a great way of creating a feature, especially if you have beautiful doors or windows in your property.'

'Trends-wise, we have seen a move towards darker exteriors in more urban environments.'

'Off blacks and deep greys have become very popular and are often used on all exterior woodwork making the property stand out in subtle way.'

'Blue blacks are a particularly effective shade to utilize if you like this sleek modern finish.'

How can I keep my deck looking nice all year round?

Deck maintenance is a must to ensure yours looks stylish (and spotless) in all seasons. 'Keeping your patio or deck looking spotless doesn’t need to be a chore,' says Harry Turner, product manager, Kärcher (opens in new tab)

'Eliminate elbow grease and save time cleaning away the dirt, grime and pollutants your patio and deck can collect throughout the seasons with a pressure washer.'

'Periodic cleaning, especially after the winter months, will help your deck or patio retain its brand new appearance. Whether using it for preventative maintenance or washing away unexpected spills and stains from summer BBQs, a pressure washer will add years of life to your patio or deck, saving you valuable time and money.'

'Our T-Racer patio cleaners ensure optimum cleaning results with a gentle action, over large and small areas. The innovative combination of high-pressure and height-adjustable nozzles creates a hovercraft effect which allows the patio cleaner to hover over the ground, giving you uniform results without any spray, thereby protecting both you and surrounding areas from dirt.' Keep yours in good condition like so:

  • Remove any outdoor furniture, flowerpots and other items from the surface you want to clean. This will give you more uniform results.
  • Sweep or remove loose or large debris.
  • Connect up your pressure washer
  • Add stone or wood detergent to your pressure washer.
  • Start with a low pressure setting, especially on wooden surfaces, engaging the trigger gun away from the surface initially.
  • Using a sweeping motion, clean your deck or patio surface using long sweeps that overlap each other. This prevents inconsistent results once dry.
  • When cleaning wooden decking, always clean in the direction of the wood grain.
  • Corners are best cleaned when you aim the trigger into the corner, spraying any debris out in a long “L” shaped sweep.

What is your decking going to be used for?

It’s important to consider what the deck is for as it might influence the choice of decking boards, as well as its proportions.

Does the deck need to fit plenty of outdoor seating, or just deckchairs for two? If it’s an outdoor dining area, what size is the table and how many will be seated at it? Or perhaps the deck will be relaxing and eating space for lots of people?

Consider whether the deck is going to get wet other than when it rains. It might be an area where children play and so it’s likely to get splashed. Perhaps it’s going to be laid near a swimming pool, or maybe a hot tub will be positioned on it.

Think about family and friends, too. Does anyone who will be using the deck require an extra slip-resistant surface, or one that will be more forgiving if they do fall? 

What size of deck do you require?

If your deck is home to a dining or seating area, then putting your furniture in place can help you plan the size of the deck. 

Remember that, as well as space for the individual furniture pieces, individuals will need room to slide dining chairs away from a table, and to stand up and move away without either chairs or people tipping off the end of the deck. 

Likewise, allow room for circulation to and from the area without having to step off decking.

A hot tub will need space for the tub itself but also to climb in and out comfortably from the deck, so also needs a generous area around it.

How to plan the location of the deck

Draw a scale plan of your garden, so you can consider the balance between the deck and other features, such as any lawn and borders or other planting.

Often a deck will create a patio area immediately outside the house, so location will be apparent, but you may additionally or alternatively want one in a particularly sunny or shaded spot, or in a place that enjoys the best views into or from the garden. 

Bear in mind that although you might like to be out of direct sunlight, very overshadowed positions will entail more deck maintenance. Think, too, about the direction of the prevailing wind to avoid building the deck in a breezy location.

Consider whether the deck is going to be overlooked by neighbours – you may want to adjust its position to create more privacy on your side of the fence and theirs.

Does your deck need to work with other garden features, such as trees or shrubs? If so, these will influence the location. Make sure these go on to your plan.

It’s also important to add to the plan doors from the house, and steps and paths, so you can design the deck to work with these. Manhole covers should also be marked on to the plan as the deck will need to include a panel that retains access.

Will you need planning permission for a deck?

If you live in a house, adding decking is permitted development, so you won’t need to apply for planning permission, as long as it’s not more than 30cm above the ground. You’ll also need to abide by the rule that together with other extensions and outbuildings, the decking doesn’t cover more than 50 per cent of the garden area.

This doesn’t apply to flats and maisonettes nor if there’s a planning condition or article 4 direction or other restriction limiting permitted development rights. Find out more on the government’s planning portal (opens in new tab) and check with your local authority if you’re not sure about your own home.

A deck that requires planning permission also needs to comply with the building regulations.

What deck type do you want?

A deck can be a natural-looking surface at ground level or a raised version. It could also feature different levels.

A deck at ground level is the simplest to construct. It could be located beside the house or elsewhere in the garden. A deck by the house needs to be 150mm below the damp-proof course and should not obstruct air bricks. 

A raised deck can create level areas within a sloping garden or simply be a more dominant feature within the garden. It’s a bigger undertaking, if you’re DIYing, or more costly, if you’re calling in someone else to do the work.

Railings or panels and a handrail (also known as a balustrade) can be a finishing touch for a ground-level deck and the vertical element will make it more of a feature. You might also want to use railings to create an enclosed area with a gate fitted for access. For a raised deck, a balustrade is essential for safety. 

How can I make my deck interesting?

The style of laying your deck is a good way to add interest from the start. The classic look for a deck is to have boards laid horizontally. This looks unfussy and, depending on the finish, can have a contemporary or more rustic effect.

As an alternative, think about laying the boards diagonally across the joists. Bear in mind that if you want this finish, the joists will need to be closer together to support the boards.

More complicated designs can also be created. Think parquet-style patterns like chevrons and herringbone, squares where boards are laid horizontally then vertically, or a central pattern framed by boards around the edges. As with interior flooring, a more intricate design can make the decking decorative as well as functional.

Will decking add value to my home?

'The appeal of garden decking to house hunters is obvious: it is highly practical, meaning less garden maintenance,' says Conrad, interior designer at  Madison & Mayfair (opens in new tab).

'The timeless, natural beauty of wood is aesthetically pleasing in garden settings. And it is durable, meaning value is retained.'

Decking also helps to define a backyard. This will extract maximum use from even smaller gardens, separating the space into dinning, leisure, and quiet areas.'

'When a fire pit is an add-on to outdoor decking, we are creating an entirely new ‘room’ that a house buyer can envision spending many summer and winter – nights. And this is an essential part of adding value to a home that leads to a future sale.'

'The potential buyer must see your home as place they find happiness in. A fire pit enriches the outdoor space and, in turn, helps to maximize the potential of your home.'

More decking ideas

  • Considering railings? Bear in mind that they’ll block your view of the garden beyond. If they will obscure an idyllic scene, consider a glazed balustrade. Richard Burbidge (opens in new tab) sells a wide range, from timber to glass and aluminum.
  • Split the levels to create visual interest and define different areas.
  • Hardwood or softwood? This depends on your budget, but even cheap softwood can look expensive if regularly cleaned and oiled. 
  • Grooved boards are less slippery when wet, but dirt will sit in the grooves; smooth boards are easier to keep tidy, but slippery.
Lucy Searle

Lucy is Global Editor-in-Chief of Homes & Gardens having worked on numerous interiors and property titles. She was founding Editor of Channel 4’s 4Homes magazine, was Associate Editor at Ideal Home, before becoming Editor-in-Chief of in 2018 then moving to Homes & Gardens in 2021. She has also written for Huffington Post, AOL, UKTV, MSN, House Beautiful, Good Homes, and many women’s titles. Find her writing about everything from buying and selling property, self build, DIY, design and consumer issues to gardening.

With contributions from