How to care for a jade plant — 7 pro tips for growing these tough succulents indoors

The experts share all the essentials on how to care for a jade plant, including practical advice on lighting, potting soil, and more

Close-up of healthy jade plant leaves
(Image credit: Georgios Karkavitsas / Alamy Stock Photo)

Learning how to care for a jade plant is easy, making them a great choice for beginner plant parents. Otherwise known as Crassula ovata, they are well-loved for their thick, oval-shaped leaves. And, if space allows, they eventually grow into small trees, creating a stunning focal point.

Although they're low-maintenance, if you've recently bought one of these succulents, there are a few things you'll need to get right. That's why, with help from the houseplant experts, we've put together this guide on all the essentials for jade plant care. 

Below, you'll find pro tips on pruning, potting soil, lighting requirements, and more. In other words, if you want to keep these brilliant indoor plants happy and healthy, you've come to the right place.

How to care for a jade plant, according to the experts

While these are easy houseplants to care for, providing an optimum growing environment will help your jade plant truly flourish. Although rare, you may even be rewarded with a show of their small, star-shaped blooms.

1. Choose a suitable soil

A woman wearing a denim apron and orange short sleeve T-shirt potting up a large jade plant on table

(Image credit: Pekic / E+ / Getty Images)

The first thing you need to know about caring for houseplants is that your choice of potting soil matters. 

Julia Omelchenko, a resident botany expert at Plantum, notes how jade plants need a mix that's loose and very well-draining. She says, "This will ensure that the plant won't get waterlogged and its roots won't be as prone to rot."

a smiling headshot of Julia Omelchenko from Plantum standing in front of leaves
Julia Omelchenko

Julia Omelchenko has four years experience consulting on botany-related topics for Plantum, an app that helps users identify plant species, diagnose their conditions, and get specific care advice. Julia is an expert in plant disease.

Kayla Gajdascz, the co-founder of Mental Houseplants, recommends using a pre-mixed succulent or cactus soil. Alternatively, you can make your own by mixing regular potting soil with sand or perlite to improve drainage, she says.

The succulent potting mix from Miracle-Gro at Amazon is a good option. Or, try combining this well-rated Harris potting soil with worm castings from Amazon, with Perfect Plants' organic perlite (also from Amazon).

"Ensure your jade plant is in a pot with adequate drainage holes to prevent water from sitting at the bottom," Kayla adds.

Stagnant water can encourage pests. If you find yourself battling bugs on your plants, learn how to use Irish Spring soap for cheap and easy pest control.

smiling headshot of Kayla Gajdascz, co-founder of Mental Houseplants, wearing a hat
Kayla Gajdascz

Kayla Gajdascz is the co-founder and owner of Mental Houseplants, an online plant retailer that sells a unique selection of houseplants to promote mental health awareness, complemented by expert care tips and resources. She has a thriving collection of over 80 indoor plants in a single-bedroom apartment. Her company further strengthens mental health support by partnering with, and donating to, the National Alliance on Mental Illness with each sale.

2. Provide plenty of sunshine

Large jade plant in gray industrial-look container on a bright windowsill

(Image credit: Natalia Klenova / 500px / Getty Images)

If you've researched how not to kill houseplants, you'll know getting the lighting right is a key factor.

Kiersten Rankel, a plant biologist with Greg, a houseplant-care app, recommends placing your jade plant in the sunniest indoor spot you have. South or west-facing windows are perfect to mimic their desert habitat," she says.

Do remember to rotate your plants occasionally for even light exposure. 

"If the plant starts to look leggy, or its leaves lose their vibrant green color, it might not be getting enough light," adds Kayla.

Smiling headshot of Kiersten Rankel of Greg app, next to a monstera leaf
Kiersten Rankel

Kiersten Rankel is a certified Louisiana Master Naturalist and regularly volunteers with local community gardens and nonprofits to help restore critical ecosystems along the Gulf Coast. She has an an undergraduate degree in Environmental Biology and a masters in Ecology and Evolutionary Biology. In her spare time, she tends to her 150+ houseplants and vegetable garden.

3. Don't overwater

Close-up of jade plant leaves on dark background

(Image credit: Elizabeth Fernandez / Moment / Getty Images)

As Kiersten points out, jade plants store moisture in their thick leaves and stems. Overwatering them should definitely be avoided, just like when caring for fiddle leaf figs.

Kayla recommends allowing the soil to dry out completely between watering your jade. "In the summer, watering every two to three weeks is sufficient, while in the winter, you can reduce watering to once a month or less. Always check the topsoil for dryness before watering."

Julia adds, "The jade plant needs no misting; in fact, high humidity in general makes it prone to rot."

4. Keep them warm

Close-up of flowering jade plant

(Image credit: ChristiLaLiberte / iStock / Getty Images Plus / Getty Images)

These houseplants are native to South Africa, so it's no surprise they like to stay relatively warm. "Cooler periods can stall growth and contribute to root rot if the soil stays moist," warns Kiersten.

Kayla says, "Jade plants prefer room temperatures from 65–75° Fahrenheit during the day and cooler at night, but not below 50°F."

House plant expert Paris Lalicata, from The Sill, also recommends avoiding drafts from air conditioning and heating units.

smiling headshot of Paris Lalicate from The Sill holding a potted plant
Paris Lalicata

Paris has been with The Sill for almost five years and heads up Plant Education and Community. A self-taught plant expert with over 10 years of experience growing houseplants, she currently maintains an indoor garden of more than 200 plants in the northeast. Her passion is making plant care more digestible for budding plant parents and sharing the many benefits of having plants indoors.

5. Prune to keep them compact

Person wearing gardening gloves pruning a jade plant with pruners

(Image credit: Fir Mamat / Alamy Stock Photo)

Kayla notes how pruning jade plants can help maintain a compact, bushy shape and encourage fuller growth. "Use clean, sharp scissors or pruning shears to remove any leggy branches and dead leaves, or to shape the plant," she says.

Gonicc 8" professional pruners from Amazon are perfect for the job, and have great customer reviews.

When pruning any plant, make your cuts at an angle, just above a growth node or a healthy leaf to encourage strong regrowth. Spring, when the plant is actively growing, is a good time to carry out this task to help your jade recover quickly.

6. Repot to encourage more growth

Person repotting a large jade plant into a white pot

(Image credit: Iuliia Pilipeichenko / iStock / Getty Images Plus / Getty Images)

Jades can be great houseplants for small spaces, bringing you joy for many years, especially if you prune them regularly. However, if you occasionally repot them into larger containers, they can eventually grow up to 6 ft tall.

Juliette Vassilkioti, founder of My City Plants, recommends repotting them every two to three years. "Use a pot that is 1–2 inches larger in diameter than the current pot," she says. Ensure it has drainage holes, she adds.

"Be sure to only upgrade the planter size when the plant has become pot-bound in its current planter," adds Paris. Telltale signs include roots emerging through the drainage holes, the soil drying out faster than usual, and stunted growth.

Bear in mind that larger plants need a relatively heavy pot to prevent them from toppling over. Save yourself a trawl with the large decorate pots for indoor plants for under $80 rounded up by our expert shoppers. 

headshot of Juliette Vassilkioti, the founder of My City Plants
Juliette Vassilkioti

Juliette, a horticultural expert and plant educator, is the driving force behind My City Plants, where every plant is handpicked her team direct from the growers, ensuring health and longevity. Her goal is to transform lifeless office spaces into vibrant, green sanctuaries.

7. Consider adding a fertilizer

Close up of small healthy jade plant in white pot

(Image credit: mikroman6 / Moment / Getty Images)

"Each repot will provide more than enough nutrition, so adding extra fertilizer isn’t required," says Kiersten. 

However, if you're keeping your jade in the same container for a while, you may wish to give it a boost during the growing season. Consider using a slow-release fertilizer that's specifically developed for succulents such as this granular plant food for succulents and cacti from The Grow Co at Amazon with thousands of 4.5+ star reviews.

"Avoid fertilizing in the winter when the plant's growth naturally slows," says Kayla.


Why are the leaves dropping off my jade plant?

One of the most common problems when caring for jades is the fleshy leaves falling off. There are a few reasons this can happen.

First, check the temperature. As Julia points out, exposing the succulent to temperatures below 50°F will stress the plant and may result in defoliation.

Address your watering regime, too. If the leaves and stems also feel soft and mushy, then you'll need to water your jade plant less often. Prune away the damaged areas. You may need to repot it into a fresh, dry mix.

Houseplant pests, such as mealybugs, can also cause this issue, so keep an eye out. If you spot them, try carefully wiping them from the plants using a cloth dampened with rubbing alcohol (available from Amazon). It's always a good idea to do a test first on just a couple of leaves, to ensure it doesn't harm your plants.

Are jade plants toxic?

Unfortunately, jades are not pet-friendly houseplants. "All parts of the jade plant are toxic when consumed," warns Julia. "Make sure to keep it out of reach of pets and children."

Whether you're gardening in an apartment or looking for more easy-care additions, consider shopping for a spider plant, too. Alternatively, try caring for an air plant – a spiky, colorful option that doesn't need soil to grow.

Holly Crossley
Freelance writer

The garden was always a big part of Holly's life growing up, as was the surrounding New Forest, UK, where she lived. Her appreciation for the great outdoors has only grown since then; over the years, she's been an allotment keeper, a professional gardener, and a botanical illustrator. Having worked for for two years, Holly now regularly writes about plants and outdoor living for Homes & Gardens. In her spare time, Holly loves visiting local English gardens and is particularly fond of relaxed cottage-garden schemes. She also loves prairie-style planting – the tapestry effect of grasses mixed with drought-tolerant blooms never ceases to delight her. Always happiest around plants, when she isn't swooning over gardens, she's looking after her ever-growing collection of houseplants and arranging seasonal flowers in her apartment to paint.