Monty Don has recently shared his amazing fig crop on Instagram – and what beautiful figs they are. Large, plump, and almost certainly delicious, figs this ripe don't always grace British gardens. But, with the warm and sunny summer we've had, it's no wonder the gardener and presenter was able to proudly share images of a bumper crop.
Fig trees grow surprisingly well in Britain, first imported by the Romans. There is no one fig variety that can be singularly referred to as 'the fig', but Brown Turkey is the one you'll probably see in garden centres most often. There are many more to choose from (more on that below), but, before planting a fig tree in your garden, find out if it's fully hardy or not. If it isn't, then your fig will need to grow in a container and be overwintered in a greenhouse or conservatory.
Find out more about successfully growing figs below, with help from Monty Don – and see our favourite fig trees to buy at the bottom of the page.
How to grow fig trees: Monty Don's top tips
The main thing Monty Don draws attention to in his Instagram post is how much fig trees love sun; 'If we had had more sun the quality would have been even better', he explains. So, take this as your cue for planting fig trees in the sunniest, most sheltered spot you can find in your garden.
The perfect place for figs is next to a south-facing garden wall: not only will this maximise sun and heat getting to your tree, but it will also restrict root growth somewhat. Figs have very vigorous roots and sometimes can put all their energy into developing those rather than into fruiting.
1. Plant fig trees into soil that's not too rich, as this, again, can lead to the tree developing too vigorously, without putting enough energy into fruiting.
2. Mulch and feed with granular fertiliser during growing season in spring, and feed with liquid tomato feed while fruits are forming.
3. Fan train the tree: figs can grow quite tall, making picking fruit at the top very difficult. So, prune young trees into a fan shape by pinching out every other young shoot. More developed trees can be pruned in March/April: cut off about a third of the branches to achieve the desired shape. Then, in summer, prune any branches that are growing fast outwards.
4. Protect your fig trees during hard frosts by wrapping them in bubble wrap or horticultural fleece. Container figs should be moved into a bright spot indoors.
When to harvest figs
Depending on the variety, your figs will begin to ripen any time between late summer in August and mid-October. Not all ripe figs are uniformly purple – in fact, some varieties still look green even when ripe – so you'll have to feel them to see if they're ready. A ripe fig feels very soft to the touch, almost to the point of the skin splitting. If your figs are still a bit hard, you can leave them on the tree up to mid-October.
Any fruit that hasn't ripened by mid- to late October will not ripen at all, and you must remove this fruit, as it can inhibit fruiting next year and weaken your tree. However, if you notice any tiny figs – these are called fruitlets – leave them on, as they will be viable and will start developing again next spring. If there's a warm spell in winter, some fruitlets will start developing then – unfortunately, you'll have to remove them.
Which fig variety should I choose?
There are lots of different varieties of fig trees to choose from: 'Brown Turkey' is the most common variety found in Britain and is hardy, but also consider 'Brunswick' (large green fruits) or 'White Marseille' (large yellow fruits). If growing in a container, you can't go wrong with the delightful 'Rouge de Bordeaux' variety, which produces small, dark purple fruits with ruby-red flesh.
Fig 'Brown Turkey' from £9.99 at Thompson & Morgan
Specially selected for the UK climate, Fig 'Brown Turkey' is fully hardy and can be grown very successfully outdoors. This popular self fertile fig tree produces large crops of sweet, juicy figs with a deep red flesh under their brown skins. View Deal
Fig 'Brunswick', £23.99 at Thompson & Morgan
An attractive self fertile tree with handsome foliage, that produces a heavy crop of medium sized pear-shaped figs. The green skinned fruits have a delicious, sweet flavour and yellow and red flesh. View Deal