Real garden: a historic spring garden

This tranquil English Heritage listed Arts & Crafts style garden includes a water garden designed by Gertrude Jekyll

water feature in front of a house
(Image credit: Leigh Clapp)

With origins dating back to the 16th century, the house at Vann in Hambledon, Surrey is certainly deserving of a special garden. 

More from Period Living

Period Living April 19 cover

Get the best period home inspiration, ideas and advice straight to your door every month with a subscription to Period Living magazine

The Arts and Crafts garden design, with elements created by renowned Edwardian horticulturist and landscape designer Gertrude Jekyll, perfectly befits the home’s architecture and its lovely setting, tucked away in the lanes of the Surrey Hills.

The property has been in the Caroe family for over a century, and when Mary and her late husband Martin inherited it in 1969, the garden was still very beautiful, its structure and hard landscaping intact. 'Even though we had four very young children at the time, we enjoyed restoring the gardens. Martin had always been very interested in the garden, and I am sure he married me because I was a good weeder!’  Mary laughs.

Read on to find out how they breathed new life into the garden, then find more gardening advice and inspiration.

Large pond with water lilies in a garden

Pots of tulips mark the end of a path fringed with Helleborus orientalis, and leading to the water garden

(Image credit: Leigh Clapp)

Guiding the couple’s rejuvenation of the Grade II*-listed garden was their desire to keep the spirit of the place and its illustrious pedigree.  

Weeds and brambles were cleared, the heavy Wealden clay improved with tonnes of compost, hedges reshaped and plants added. Being true to the ethos of Jekyll and the Arts and Crafts movement was always in Mary’s mind as she restored the site.  

See here for advice and information if you live in a listed home or are looking to buy one.

a magnolia by a water feature

A Magnolia soulangeana arches gracefully over the water

(Image credit: leigh clapp)

Spreading out from the mellowing timber-frame house, the garden extends to five acres and is divided loosely into different areas with yew hedges and structured beds. Close to the house the style is more formal, then extends out to the naturalistic wild areas. 

naturalistic planting in a spring garden

Naturalistic planting of daffodils, forget-me-nots and marginal water plants under mature trees gives a sense of timelessness

(Image credit: Leigh Clapp)

In spring the scene is a meld of pastel blossom, from Magnolia stellata and soulangeana, fresh unfurling greens, carpets of soft yellow and glowing white narcissi under a canopy of skeletal branches, with just an occasional splash of intense colour from vibrant tulips, a crimson camellia or Chaenomeles japonica (flowering quince). 

snake's head fritillary in a garden

Snake's head fritillary have naturalised beautifully in the water garden

(Image credit: Leigh Clapp)

A striking Bargate stone pergola, underplanted with lime-green euphorbias, nodding hellebores and spring bulbs, leads from the house to the large quarter-acre pond, from where the water cascades to a succession of small ponds. It feeds the unique water garden designed by Gertrude Jekyll, who in 1911 visited Vann from her nearby home of Munstead Wood.     

stone pergola in a spring garden

Vibrant tulips are planted in pots. Ensuring there are plenty of tulips throughout the garden is important for Mary as her mother was Dutch

(Image credit: Leigh Clapp)

This is believed to be the only water garden Gertrude Jekyll (1843-1932) ever designed, laid out and planted, despite often writing about informal water gardens – so it is a real gem to be savoured and treasured. 

euphorbia, fritillary and daffodils in a water garden

Carpets of white narcissi and purple fritillary spread around the water garden, and lime green euphorbias flank the stone pergola

(Image credit: Leigh Clapp)

The water garden proved to be the most challenging part of the garden to restore as it had been neglected, was covered in bindweed and ground elder and had silted up in places. It needed digging out and clearing, with many plants moved into the vegetable garden and then replanted using the plant list left by Jekyll, with the same or similar varieties. There are massed water-loving plants originally supplied by Jekyll and now increased and naturalised. 

narcissi in a spring garden

White narcissi have naturalised over the years

(Image credit: Leigh Clapp)

A surprising number of the 1,500 plants put in by Jekyll still survive in the garden. These include the original 50 Fritillaria meleagris (snake’s head fritillary), now multiplied into drifts of hundreds, carpets of Caltha palustris (marsh marigold), dainty nodding snowflakes, a haze of blue forget-me-nots, and special, but unnamed, narcissi stretching as far as the eye can see.  

yellow forsythia

Shimmering forsythia, a hardy deciduous shrub, has profuse vibrant yellow flowers in spring

(Image credit: Leigh Clapp)

Completing the vision are meandering paths and criss-crossing bridges to slow your journey and let you immerse yourself in the atmosphere. ‘My favourite time to stroll is in the evening when the white daffodils glow in the late light,’ says Mary. 

The use of massed blocks of plants in harmonious colours and textures is typical of the Jekyll style, creating an environment that looks like a work of nature, not of man. 

stone pergola in a spring garden

A striking stone pergola is underplanted with spring bulbs, hellebores and euphorbias

(Image credit: Leigh Clapp)

As with all gardens, there is always something that needs redoing, and if Gertrude Jekyll were alive today she would be bound to suggest something new if a plant wasn’t working. 

potted tulips by a garden pond

Potted tulips mark the end of the aged, stone path that leads to one of the series of ponds, an important element in the garden at Vann

(Image credit: Leigh Clapp)


Gardening Writer