Oak frame extensions are a desirable option for those wishing to extend any style of home, but are particularly suited to period properties as they respect their character while improving internal flow. They are also prized by buyers and tend to increase the value of a property more than other styles of extension.
Eco-friendly, with recognised longevity and the versatility, it's worth considering an oak frame extension if you're considering extending a house. Find out everything you need to know in our guide.
What are the benefits of extending in oak?
For many, the beauty of an oak frame extension lies in its use of age-old construction methods – albeit often applied using hi-tech equipment – energy efficiency, and its ability to naturally weather and soften over time, which results in a more sympathetic addition to an older home.
Many people would even argue that oak only gets more attractive with time. ‘A green oak frame oozes character and, as with many of the fine things in life, gets better with age,’ says Nik Sheppard, lead carpenter at Carpenter Oak. ‘As the frame seasons, the timbers are an enduring source of fascination as their tone and texture change and surface shakes appear.’
The material’s impressive green credentials also ensure the addition is renewable, carbon neutral and sustainable – look for FSC or PEFC certification. Also, since the components can be manufactured off site, build times can be faster than normal.
Where does the wood come from?
The majority of oak frame building companies tend to use European or English oak. It’s mostly ‘green’, which means it has recently been felled and retains moisture, making it easier to work with. It requires no chemical treatments or preservatives.
The resulting frame will continue to dry and naturally crack over the years – with shrinkage proving a structural advantage as the frame tightens, hardens and strengthens. Because of this, a well-designed and built oak-frame structure can be expected to last for at least 200 years.
Design options for oak frame extensions
Many designs exploit the beauty and strength of a frame that requires little internal structural support to create large open-plan spaces and impressive vaulted ceilings and galleries, often incorporating generous amounts of glazing.
Is it expensive to build an oak frame extension?
Oak frame extensions will prove more expensive than a standard extension. While some kits are available, most companies do offer a completely bespoke service, with packages ranging from supply right through to a comprehensive service covering design, planning, groundworks, supply, build and finish. Adding either a single storey extension or double-height extension can add value to your home, although that value depends on the space and its successful integration with the original house.
Externally, extensions should always remain in proportion with the existing property and, from a planning perspective, be subservient to the original. Internally, consider the new addition’s function as well as form, and bear in mind that any new space must also work effectively with your existing layout, in terms of access, flow and light levels in the rooms beyond. Consult with an architect or designer.
Will I need planning permission?
Oak frame extensions are subject to the same regulations and rules as any other, so before you consider any construction, do consult your local planning department. Some extensions may be allowed under permitted development rights, but many require planning permission due to their size, scale and location.
What type of oak to use?
Most oak frame extensions are built from green oak, which is the term for oak that retains moisture content (up to 30 per cent, depending on how long it has been allowed to air dry) and which has recently been felled. Green oak buildings need time to settle; the shrinkage that occurs is a structural advantage as the joists tighten up. Oak that has dried out is called ‘seasoned’, which is much harder to work with.
Are green oak structures affected by building regulations?
In addition to planning, all oak-frame additions must adhere to building regulations and energy-efficiency guidelines.
Can an oak frame extension be added to a listed building?
Owners of listed buildings, or properties within their grounds, must apply for consent to alter or extend. It is always worth checking with your local planning authority, as well as with your surveyor and/or architect.
Essential oak frame contacts
- Oakmasters: Supplier of oak frames for new homes, as well as absolutely anything to do with oak buildings, from beams and trusses to sunrooms, garden rooms, outbuildings, store rooms, porches, cladding and beam covers – which are oak casings used to disguise structural features such as steel beams, RSJs and pipework. (01444 455455)
- Crown Oak Buildings: Green oak building specialist, offering a wide choice of services, which can accommodate as much or as little help as is needed for your particular project. Structures available include porches, gazebos, pool rooms, stables, and complete-build houses. Its helpful website is packed with plenty of information regarding planning permission. Single bay garage kits are available from £2,750. (01732 866910)
- Green Oak Structures: Somerset-based oak frame construction specialist, with architect James Godden being particularly considerate of environmental concerns, from the use of oak itself through to economical energy consumption, thermal performance and waste management. Its suggestions for insulation materials include recycled newspaper, mineral wool foam panels and sheep’s wool. (01458 833420)
- English Oak Buildings: Green oak expert using handcrafting methods for all types of structures, from homes to smaller buildings. Their own custom-made structural insulated panels (SIPs) are specifically designed to be used with oak frame constructions, with the intention of providing high-quality, efficient and effective insulation. Projects range from outbuildings and garages to houses, extensions and pool rooms. (01225 789978)
- Shires Oak Buildings: Services from Shires Oak Buildings include full design to build, with a full team of experts on ground works, frame erection and roofing available. The company can also simply deliver an individually designed oak frame to your own carpentry team. Visit the website for an interesting gallery of projects, including garden buildings and loft rooms. (01926 612812)